Odd-Even Effect in the Formation and Extraction Performance of Ionic-Liquid-Based Aqueous Biphasic Systems
authors Belchior, DCV; Almeida, MR; Sintra, TE; Ventura, SPM; Duarte, IF; Freire, MG
nationality International
journal INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH
keywords 2-PHASE SYSTEMS; SALTING-OUT; 1-BUTYL-3-METHYLIMIDAZOLIUM BROMIDE; PROTEIN SEPARATION; SELF-AGGREGATION; PHASE-SEPARATION; CATION SYMMETRY; WATER; CHOLINE; IMPACT
abstract Aqueous biphasic systems constituted by ionic liquids (IL-based ABSs) are a target of investigation in the separation of high-value biomolecules. However, identification of the molecular-level mechanisms ruling the two-phase formation and extraction performance of these systems is crucial to the successful design of effective separation processes. In this work, IL-based ABSs formed by K2HPO4 and cholinium carboxylate ILs ([Ch] [CnCO2] with n = 1-7, comprising anions with odd and even alkyl chain lengths) were investigated. The corresponding ternary phase diagrams, including binodal curves, tie-lines, tie-line lengths, and critical points, as well as the Setschenow salting-out coefficients (k(s)), which quantitatively describe the two-phase formation ability, were determined at 298 K. The extraction capability of these systems was then evaluated for four amino acids (L-tryptophan, L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine/L-dopa). It was found that ILs composed of anions with even alkyl chains display slightly higher k(s) values, meaning that these ILs are more easily salted out or more easily phase-separated to form ABSs, whereas ABSs formed by ILs with anions comprising odd alkyl chains lead to slightly higher partition coefficients of amino acids. Beyond the neat IL odd-even effect resulting from their nanostructuration, being this a well-known phenomenon occurring in a series of their thermophysical properties, the existence of an odd-even effect displayed by the IL anion aliphatic moiety in aqueous solution is shown here, visible in both the two-phase formation ability and extraction performance of ABSs. These findings contribute to elucidate of the molecular-level mechanisms governing ABS formation and partitioning of biomolecules, ultimately contributing to the design of proficient separation platforms.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 0888-5885
year published 2019
volume 58
issue 19
beginning page 8323
ending page 8331
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00663
web of science category Engineering, Chemical
subject category Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000468368100068
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 3.141
5 year journal impact factor 3.284
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 76.277
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