Novel trivalent europium β-diketonate complexes with N-(pyridine-2-yl)amides and N-(pyrimidine-2-yl)amides as ancillary ligands: Photophysical properties and theoretical structural modeling
authors Geórgia B.V. Lima, Jacqueline C. Bueno, Amauri F. da Silva, Albano N. Carneiro Neto, Renaldo T. Moura Jr., Ercules E.S. Teotonio, Oscar L. Malta, and Wagner M. Faustino
nationality International
journal Journal of Luminescence
abstract Eighteen new Eu3+ complexes and their Gd3+ analogues with 1,3-diketonate as main ligands and N-(pyridine-2-yl)amides or N-(pyrimidine-2-yl)amides as ancillary ligands were synthesized. The replacement of water molecules by those amides in the Eu3+ complexes increase the intrinsic quantum yields of luminescence, making them comparable or even more efficient than Eu3+ complexes with standard ancillary ligands such as 2,2′-bipyridine. The luminescence spectra of Gd3+ complexes in comparison with the Eu3+ ones show that efficient ligand-to-metal intramolecular energy transfer processes take place. In most cases the experimental Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω2 and Ω4) for the Eu3+ complexes show variations as a function of the temperature (77 and 300 K) that overall apparently does not follow clearly any trend. For this reason, geometric variations (on the azimuthal angle ϕ and ancillary ligands distances) were carried out in the coordination polyhedron for simulating thermally induced structural changes. It has been observed that, in this way, the Ω2 and Ω4 can be satisfactorily reproduced by in silico experiments. It was concluded that, at low-temperature, the ancillary ligands become closer to the Eu3+ ion and the angular variations affect more Ω2 than Ω4, in agreement to the theoretical calculations. The use of N-(pyridine-2-yl)amides or N-(pyrimidine-2-yl)amides as ancillary ligands in Eu3+ 1,3-diketonates looks to be a good strategy for obtaining highly luminescent complexes.
year published 2019
volume 219
beginning page 116884
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jlumin.2019.116884
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