Electronic conductivity in Gd-doped ceria with salt additions
authors Grilo, JPF; Macedo, DA; Nascimento, RM; Marques, FMB
nationality International
journal ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
author keywords Gd-doped ceria; Sintering aids; Hebb-Wagner polarization; Electronic conductivity; Impedance spectroscopy
keywords GRAIN-BOUNDARY CONDUCTIVITY; TRANSITION-METAL OXIDE; ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; COMPOSITE ELECTROLYTES; TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES; SOLID ELECTROLYTES; IONIC-CONDUCTIVITY; SINTERING AIDS; LITHIUM-OXIDE
abstract Samples of Gd-doped ceria (GDC, Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95) with eutectic mixtures of Na2CO3 and Li2CO3 (NLC), or K2CO3, Na2CO3 and Li2CO3 (KNLC) as sintering aids (5 mol%) were studied against pure GDC and cobalt doped GDC. The former electrolytes reached densifications in excess of 95% when sintered at 1100 degrees C, values comparable to pure GDC sintered at 1500 degrees C, and more than 20% higher than for GDC sintered at 1100 degrees C. X-ray diffraction powder patterns showed only typical GDC peaks without any noticeable lattice modification and microstructural analysis suggested a homogeneous distribution of residual amounts of sintering aids. The electrical properties of all materials were studied by impedance spectroscopy in air from 200 to 750 degrees C. Materials with NLC and KNLC showed a total ionic conductivity matching pure GDC at 600 degrees C. Hebb-Wagner polarization measurements, used to assess the impact of sintering aids on the n and p-type electronic conductivity of GDC (600-750 degrees C) showed that NLC and KNLC additions lower the p-type conductivity of GDC while Co additions have the opposite effect. The efficacy of alkali metal salts to produce ceria-based electrolytes with competitive ionic and electronic transport properties is exposed. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 0013-4686
year published 2019
volume 318
beginning page 977
ending page 988
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.electacta.2019.06.148
web of science category Electrochemistry
subject category Electrochemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000478969600105
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