Nanoscale Mapping of the Double Layer Potential at the Graphene–Electrolyte Interface
authors Strelcov, E.; Arble, C.; Guo, H.; Hoskins, B. D.; Yulaev, A.; Vlassiouk, I. V.; Zhitenev, N. B.; Tselev, A.; Kolmakov, A.
nationality International
journal Nano Letters
abstract The electrical double layer (EDL) governs the operation of multiple electrochemical devices, determines reaction potentials, and conditions ion transport through cellular membranes in living organisms. The few existing methods of EDL probing have low spatial resolution, usually only providing spatially averaged information. On the other hand, traditional Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) is capable of mapping potential with nanoscale lateral resolution but cannot be used in electrolytes with concentrations higher than several mmol/L. Here, we resolve this experimental impediment by combining KPFM with graphenecapped electrolytic cells to quantitatively measure the potential drop across the EDL in aqueous electrolytes of decimolar and molar concentrations with a high lateral resolution. The surface potential of graphene in contact with deionized water and 0.1 mol/L solutions of CuSO4 and MgSO4 as a function of counter electrode voltage is reported. The measurements are supported by numerical modeling to reveal the role of the graphene membrane in potential screening and to determine the EDL potential drop. The proposed approach proves to be especially useful for imaging spatially inhomogeneous systems, such as nanoparticles submerged in an electrolyte solution. It could be suitable for in operando and in vivo measurements of the potential drop in the EDL on the surfaces of nanocatalysts and biological cells in equilibrium with liquid solutions.
publisher American Chemical Society
year published 2020
volume 20
issue 2
beginning page 1336
ending page 1344
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b04823
unique article identifier WOS:000514255400064
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