Biofunctional Polymer Coated Au Nanoparticles Prepared via RAFT-Assisted Encapsulating Emulsion Polymerization and Click Chemistry
authors Pereira, SO; Trindade, T; Barros-Timmons, A
nationality International
journal POLYMERS
author keywords RAFT-assisted encapsulating emulsion polymerization; gold nanostructures; click chemistry; biosensing; Langmuir monolayers
keywords RADICAL POLYMERIZATION; GOLD NANOPARTICLES; SILICA NANOPARTICLES; CARBON NANOTUBES; MACRORAFT AGENTS; GRAPHENE OXIDE; COPOLYMERS; ADSORPTION; BIOTIN
abstract The use of reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)-assisted encapsulating emulsion polymerization (REEP) has been explored to prepare diverse types of colloidal stable core-shell nanostructures. A major field of application of such nanoparticles is in emergent nanomedicines, which require effective biofunctionalization strategies, in which their response to bioanalytes needs to be firstly assessed. Herein, functional core-shell nanostructures were prepared via REEP and click chemistry. Thus, following the REEP strategy, colloidal gold nanoparticles (Au NPs,d= 15 nm) were coated with a poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether acrylate (PEGA) macroRAFT agent containing an azide (N3) group to affordN3-macroRAFT@Au NPs. Then, chain extension was carried out from the NPs surface via REEP, at 44 degrees C under monomer-starved conditions, to yieldN3-copolymer@Au NPs-core-shell type structures. Biotin was anchored toN3-copolymer@Au NPs via click chemistry using an alkynated biotin to yield biofunctionalized Au nanostructures. The response of the ensuing biotin-copolymer@Au NPs to avidin was followed by visible spectroscopy, and the copolymer-biotin-avidin interaction was further studied using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique. This research demonstrates that REEP is a promising strategy to prepare robust functional core-shell plasmonic nanostructures for bioapplications. Although the presence of azide moieties requires the use of low polymerization temperature, the overall strategy allows the preparation of tailor-made plasmonic nanostructures for applications of biosensors based on responsive polymer shells, such as pH, temperature, and photoluminescence quenching. Moreover, the interaction of biotin with avidin proved to be time dependent.
publisher MDPI
year published 2020
volume 12
issue 7
digital object identifier (doi) 10.3390/polym12071442
web of science category Polymer Science
subject category Polymer Science
unique article identifier WOS:000557687400001
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 3.426
5 year journal impact factor 3.636
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 82.584
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