Characterization and Cytotoxicity Assessment of the Lipophilic Fractions of Different Morphological Parts of Acacia dealbata
authors Oliveira, CSD; Moreira, P; Resende, J; Cruz, MT; Pereira, CMF; Silva, AMS; Santos, SAO; Silvestre, AJD
nationality International
journal INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
author keywords Acacia dealbata; forest biomass; biorefinery; lipophilic compounds; GC-MS analysis; cytotoxicity; nutraceutical applications; pharmaceutical applications
keywords POLYGALA-SABULOSA; RICH SOURCE; SPINASTEROL; BARK; EXTRACT; WOOD; IDENTIFICATION; GLUCOSIDES
abstract Acacia dealbata biomass, either from forest exploitation or from the management of invasive species, can be a strategic topic, namely as a source of high-value compounds. In this sense, the present study aimed at the detailed characterization of the lipophilic components of different morphological parts of A. dealbata and the evaluation of their cytotoxicity in cells representative of different mammals' tissues. The chemical composition of lipophilic extracts from A. dealbata bark, wood and leaves was evaluated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Terpenic compounds (representing 50.2%-68.4% of the total bark and leaves extracts, respectively) and sterols (60.5% of the total wood extract) were the main components of these extracts. Other constituents, such as fatty acids, long-chain aliphatic alcohols, monoglycerides, and aromatic compounds were also detected in the studied extracts. All the extracts showed low or no cytotoxicity in the different cells tested, demonstrating their safety profile and highlighting their potential to be used in nutraceutical or pharmaceutical applications. This study is therefore an important contribution to the valorization of A. dealbata, demonstrating the potential of this species as a source of high value lipophilic compounds.
publisher MDPI
isbn 1422-0067
year published 2020
volume 21
issue 5
digital object identifier (doi) 10.3390/ijms21051814
web of science category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
subject category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000524908500265
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journal impact factor 4.556
5 year journal impact factor 4.653
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