Cork-like filaments for Additive Manufacturing
authors da Silva, SPM; Antunes, T; Costa, MEV; Oliveira, JM
nationality International
journal ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING
author keywords Cork; Composites; Material extrusion; Additive manufacturing; Coupling agent
keywords POLYMER COMPOSITES; POLY(LACTIC ACID); MALEIC-ANHYDRIDE; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES; COUPLING AGENT; PLA; BIOCOMPOSITES; PARAMETERS; FUNCTIONALIZATION; BEHAVIOR
abstract A cork-like filament fully biodegradable and filled with low granulometry cork powder residues was developed. Cork-polymer composites (CPC) were prepared using a Brabender type mixer incorporating 15% (w/w) of cork powder (corresponding to 55% (v/v)) and having polylactic acid (PLA) as matrix. In order to promote a chemical adhesion between cork particles and PLA, the effect of maleic anhydride grafted PLA (MAgPLA) was studied. Fourier Transform Infrared - Attenuated Total Reflection (FTIR-ATR) analysis was used to evaluate the functionalization of MAgPLA onto the polymeric chain. The addition of MAgPLA enhanced the mechanical behavior by increasing tensile properties while improving the dispersion of cork particles within PLA matrix. In addition, cork particles and MAgPLA acted as nucleating agents during PLA melting process. To evaluate the printability of the developed CPC filament, specimens were printed by Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) and compared to those obtained by injection molding (IM). FFF allowed to preserve the cork alveolar structure in the specimens, benefiting CPC mechanical behavior. 3D parts could be printed with the CPC filament thereby demonstrating the usefulness of the fully biodegradable cork-based filament here developed. 3D printed parts exhibit unique characteristics, such as a nonplastic and warm touch, a natural colour and the release of a pleasant odour during the printing process.
publisher ELSEVIER
issn 2214-8604
isbn 2214-7810
year published 2020
volume 34
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.addma.2020.101229
web of science category Engineering, Manufacturing; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Engineering; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000555843300008
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  impact metrics
journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 7.002
5 year journal impact factor Not Available
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 89.936
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