Critical aspects of membrane-free aqueous battery based on two immiscible neutral electrolytes
authors Navalpotro, P; Trujillo, C; Montes, I; Neves, CMSS; Palma, J; Freire, MG; Coutinho, JAP; Marcilla, R
nationality International
journal ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS
author keywords Membrane-free batteries; Membrane-less batteries; Aqueous biphasic systems; Aqueous redox flow batteries; Organic redox flow batteries; Self-discharge process
keywords REDOX FLOW BATTERIES; RENEWABLE ENERGY; ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; STORAGE; SYSTEMS; INTEGRATION
abstract Redox Flow Batteries (RFB) stand out as a promising energy storage technology to mitigate the irregular energy generation from renewable sources. However, some hurdles limit their massive implementation including high cost of vanadium and the poor-performance of ion-selective membranes. Recently, we presented a revolutionary Membrane-Free Battery based on organic aqueous/nonaqueous immiscible electrolytes that eludes both separators and vanadium compounds. Here, we demonstrate the feasible application of this archetype in Aqueous Biphasic Systems (ABS) acting as an unprecedented Total Aqueous Membrane-Free Battery. After evaluating several organic molecules, methylviologen (MV) and 2,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO) were selected as active species due to their optimum electrochemical behavior and selective partitioning between the phases. When connected electrically, this redox-active ABS becomes a Membrane-Free Battery with an open circuit voltage (OCV) of 1.23 V, high peak power density (23 mWcm(-2)) and excellent long-cycling performance (99.99% capacity retention over 550 cycles). Moreover, essential aspects of this technology such as the crossover, controlled here by partition coefficients, and the inherent self-discharge phenomena were addressed for the first time. These results point out the potential of this pioneering Total Aqueous Membrane-Free Battery as a new energy storage technology.
publisher ELSEVIER
issn 2405-8297
year published 2020
volume 26
beginning page 400
ending page 407
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ensm.2019.11.011
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000518197900037
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 16.28
5 year journal impact factor Not Available
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 94.042
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