Exchange bias effect in bulk multiferroic BiFe0.5Sc0.5O3
authors Fertman, EL; Fedorchenko, AV; Desnenko, VA; Shvartsman, VV; Lupascu, DC; Salamon, S; Wende, H; Vaisburd, AI; Stanulis, A; Ramanauskas, R; Olekhnovich, NM; Pushkarev, AV; Radyush, YV; Khalyavin, DD; Salak, AN
nationality International
keywords BEHAVIOR
abstract Below the Neel temperature, T-N similar to 220 K, at least two nano-scale antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases coexist in the polar polymorph of the BiFe0.5Sc0.5O3 perovskite; one of these phases is a weak ferromagnetic. Non-uniform structure distortions induced by high-pressure synthesis lead to competing AFM orders and a nano-scale spontaneous magnetic phase separated state of the compound. Interface exchange coupling between the AFM domains and the weak ferromagnetic domains causes unidirectional anisotropy of magnetization, resulting in the exchange bias (EB) effect. The EB field, H-EB, and the coercive field strongly depend on temperature and the strength of the cooling magnetic field. H-EB increases with an increase in the cooling magnetic field and reaches a maximum value of about 1 kOe at 5 K. The exchange field vanishes above T-N with the disappearance of long-range magnetic ordering. The effect is promising for applications in electronics as it is large enough and as it is tunable by temperature and the magnetic field applied during cooling.
year published 2020
volume 10
issue 4
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1063/1.5135586
web of science category Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics, Applied
subject category Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000525095100002
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