Glutaraldehyde-crosslinking chitosan scaffolds reinforced with calcium phosphate spray-dried granules for bone tissue applications
authors Pinto, RV; Gomes, PS; Fernandes, MH; Costa, MEV; Almeida, MM
nationality International
journal MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C-MATERIALS FOR BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS
author keywords Bone tissue engineering; Chitosan Scaffold; Glutaraldehyde Spray-dried granules; Hydroxyapatite; beta-TCP
keywords IN-VIVO EVALUATION; LINKED CHITOSAN; MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION; DEACETYLATION DEGREE; COMPOSITE SCAFFOLDS; HYDROXYAPATITE; BIOMATERIALS; DIFFERENTIATION; MICROSPHERES; REGENERATION
abstract The clinical demand for bone scaffolds as an alternative strategy for bone grafting has increased exponentially and, up to date, numerous formulations have been proposed to regenerate the bone tissue. However, most of these structures lack at least one of the fundamental/ideal properties of these materials (e.g., mechanical resistance, interconnected porosity, bioactivity, biodegradability, etc.). In this work, we developed innovative composite scaffolds, based on crosslinked chitosan with glutaraldehyde (GA), combined with different atomized calcium phosphates (CaP) granules - hydroxyapatite (HA) or biphasic mixtures of HA and beta- tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP), with improved biomechanical behavior and enhanced biological response. This innovative combination was designed to improve the scaffolds' functionality, in which GA improved chitosan mechanical strength and stability, whereas CaP granules enhanced the scaffolds' bioactivity and osteoblastic response, further reinforcing the scaffolds' structure. The biological assessment of the composite scaffolds showed that the specimens with 0.2% crosslinking were the ones with the best biological performance. In addition, the inclusion of biphasic granules induced a trend for increase osteogenic activation, as compared to the addition of HA granules. In conclusion, scaffolds produced in the present work, both with HA granules or the biphasic ones, and with low concentrations of GA, have shown adequate properties and enhanced biological performance, being potential candidates for application in bone tissue engineering.
publisher ELSEVIER
issn 0928-4931
isbn 1873-0191
year published 2020
volume 109
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.msec.2019.110557
web of science category Materials Science, Biomaterials
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000527394600064
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  impact metrics
journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 5.88
5 year journal impact factor 5.364
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 82.895
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