The role of calcium (source & content) on the in vitro behaviour of sol-gel quaternary glass series
authors Ben-Arfa, BAE; Palama, IE; Salvado, IMM; Ferreira, JMF; Pullar, RC
nationality International
journal CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
author keywords Bioactive glasses; Biocompatibility; Ca/P ratio; High silica content; Sol-gel derived glass; In vitro MIT tests
keywords BIOACTIVE GLASS; 45S5; PHOSPHATE; RATIO; MICROSTRUCTURE; HYDROXYAPATITE; SPECTROSCOPY; DISSOLUTION; CATALYSTS; SPECTRA
abstract To highlight the effect of salt precursors on the final properties, bioactivity and biocompatibility, five quaternary (Si-Ca-P-Na) glass compositions were successfully prepared through two distinct rapid sol-gel routes; one using acetate salt precursors (A) catalysed by nitric acid, and the other using nitrate salts (N) and citric acid as a catalyst. The sols dried rapidly, and stabilised at 550 & 800 degrees C to be characterised by X ray diffraction (XRD), Magic angle spinning-Nuclear magnetic resonance (Si-29 MAS-NMR) and Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy (FTIR). Upon immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF), hydroxyapatite (HAp) formation was initially enhanced by increasing Ca-content up to 40 mol%, but the formation of calcite was favoured with further increments of Ca to 45 and 48 mol%. The A-glasses exhibited lower density and lower network connectivity compared with N-glasses. The chemical surface modifications after 4 h in SBF were more evident for N-glasses in comparison to A-glasses. The biocompatibility is favoured for the samples treated at 800 degrees C and for the samples of the higher silica contents.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0272-8842
isbn 1873-3956
year published 2020
volume 46
issue 1
beginning page 1065
ending page 1075
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.09.073
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000498748300127
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journal impact factor 3.83
5 year journal impact factor 3.513
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