Assessment of bismuth oxide-based electrolytes for composite gas separation membranes
authors Starykevich, M; Jamale, A; Marques, FMB
nationality International
journal CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
author keywords Gas separation membranes; Bismuth oxide; Molten alkali carbonates; Molten alkali nitrates; Reactivity; Impedance spectroscopy
keywords TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES; MOLTEN CARBONATES; HIGH-TEMPERATURE; METAL-OXIDES; STABILITY; CONDUCTION; PHASE; MODEL; PERFORMANCE; SYSTEMS
abstract Oxide + salt composites can be used in CO2 and NOx separation membranes, where high oxide-ion conductivity is crucial to improve performance. Pursuing this goal, the stability of three different bismuth oxide-based electrolytes (Cu + V, Y and Yb-doped) against molten alkali carbonates (Li, Na, K) or nitrates (Na, K) was tested firing them in the 450-550 degrees C temperature range, and with endurance tests up to 100 h. A well-known ceriabased composite was used as reference (CGO - Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95). Oxides and composites were studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and impedance spectroscopy (in air, 140-650 degrees C temperature range). Bi2Cu0.10V0.90O5.35 easily reacts with molten salts. Bi0.75Y0.25O1.5 and Bi0.75Yb0.25O1.5 have higher stability against molten carbonates and complete stability against molten nitrates. The Y-doped oxide stability against the molten carbonates was enhanced changing the molten salt composition (Y2O3 additions) and using lower firing temperatures. Above all, composites based on Y or Yb-doped Bi2O3 with molten alkali nitrates showed impressive 6x or 3x higher electrical conductivity at 290 degrees C, in air (4.88 x 10(-2) and 2.41 x 10(-2) S cm(-1), respectively) than CGO-based composites (7.72 x 10(-3) S cm(-1)), qualifying as promising materials for NOx separation membranes.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0272-8842
isbn 1873-3956
year published 2020
volume 46
issue 17
beginning page 26705
ending page 26714
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.07.145
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000577586400030
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journal impact factor 3.83
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