Characterization of mixed-conducting La2Ni0.9Co0.1O4+delta membranes for dry methane oxidation
authors Kharton, VV; Yaremchenko, AA; Tsipis, EV; Valente, AA; Patrakeev, MV; Shaula, AL; Frade, JR; Rocha, J
nationality International
journal APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
author keywords ceramic membrane; mixed conductor; lanthanum nickelate; methane conversion; oxygen permeation; phase stability
keywords OXYGEN PERMEABILITY; SYNGAS PRODUCTION; SYNTHESIS GAS; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; CERAMIC MICROSTRUCTURE; OXIDE MEMBRANES; IONIC TRANSPORT; CARBON-MONOXIDE; PHASE-DIAGRAM; LA2NIO4+DELTA
abstract The oxygen permeation through dense La(2)N(0.9)Co(0.1)O(4+)delta membranes, prepared by the standard ceramic synthesis technique and via glycine-nitrate process (GNP), is determined by the kinetics of interfacial processes, either surface oxygen exchange at high P(O-2) or oxidation reactions under air/H-2 and air/CH4 gradients. Despite moderate differences in the ceramic microstructures, the GNP-synthesized membranes possess higher oxygen permeability. In combination with surface-limited oxygen transport, the stability of La2N0.9Co0.1O4+delta, evaluated by the measurements of total conductivity and Seebeck coefficient as functions of the oxygen partial pressure, is sufficient for the oxidation of dry CH4 in mixed-conducting membrane reactors operating at temperatures up to 1173 K. Tests of a model reactor, comprising disk-shaped nickelate membrane with porous Pt/La2N0.9Co0.1O4+delta layer applied onto permeate-side surface, showed high CO2 selectivity decreasing when temperature increases. At 1173 K, the methane conversion and CO selectivity achieved 20 and 17%, respectively. The observed behavior suggests significant role of the complete methane oxidation on the interface between mixed-conducting membrane and gas phase, thus making it necessary to incorporate reforming catalysts in the reactors. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0926-860X
year published 2004
volume 261
issue 1
beginning page 25
ending page 35
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.apcata.2003.10.028
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Environmental Sciences
subject category Chemistry; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
unique article identifier WOS:000221035700005
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