Role of the mixing conditions and composition of galvanic sludges on the inertization process in clay-based ceramics
authors Magalhaes, JM; Silva, JE; Castro, FP; Labrincha, JA
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
author keywords galvanic sludges; metals; inertization; ceramic matrix
keywords FORMULATIONS; BRICKS
abstract Hydroxide-metal sludges from electroplating industry are a potential source of environmental contamination due to their high content of heavy metals. The incorporation of these residues in a ceramic matrix can be a promising way to suppress the harmful effect of metals normally present in those sludges. This work reports the role of the mixing time between the waste and ceramic materials and of the calcination step on the fixing level of several metal-containing species (Al, Zn, Ni, Fe, Ca, Cu, Cr) after sequential leaching in different media (aqueous, acetate and citrate). A strong and/or long mixing process will promote the deagglomeration of the coarser agglomerates and then will increase the reactivity of remaining grains towards the ceramic material during the calcination. As a consequence, inertization is improved for fired samples. With non-calcined samples leaching increases as a result of increasing dispensability/availability of species. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0304-3894
year published 2004
volume 106
issue 2-3
beginning page 169
ending page 176
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2003.11.011
web of science category Engineering, Environmental; Engineering, Civil; Environmental Sciences
subject category Engineering; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
unique article identifier WOS:000189111700013
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journal impact factor 6.434
5 year journal impact factor 6.513
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