Mixed conductivity and electrochemical behavior of (La0.75Sr0.25)(0.95)Cr0.5Mn0.5O3-delta
authors Kharton, VV; Tsipis, EV; Marozau, IP; Viskup, AP; Frade, JR; Irvine, JTS
nationality International
journal SOLID STATE IONICS
author keywords perovskite; SOFC anode; mixed conductivity; oxygen permeation; faradaic efficiency; dilatometry; electrode polarization
keywords OXIDE FUEL-CELLS; PEROVSKITE-TYPE OXIDE; CERAMIC MICROSTRUCTURE; CATHODIC POLARIZATION; ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES; TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES; ELECTRODE PROPERTIES; STABILIZED ZIRCONIA; OXYGEN PERMEABILITY; ANODES
abstract The electronic and oxygen-ionic transport in (La0.75Sr0.25)(0.95)Cr0.5Mn0.5O3-delta, a member of promising family of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode materials, was studied at 1023-1273 K in the oxygen partial pressure range from 10(-2)0 to 0.5 atm. In oxidizing and moderately reducing atmospheres, this perovskite exhibits a predominant p-type electronic conductivity, which ties in the range 20-35 S/cm and is essentially p(O-2)-independent. Reducing p(O-2) below 10(-16)-10(-12) atm leads to a drastic increase in the oxygen vacancy concentration, ionic conductivity and oxygen permeability, whilst the total conductivity decreases down to 1-3 S/cm. The ion transference numbers, calculated from the oxygen permeation data and measured by the faradaic efficiency technique controlling oxygen pressures at both sides of dense ceramic membranes, vary in the range 9 x 10(-7) to 8 x 10(-5) at 1223-1273 K, increasing with temperature. The average thermal expansion coefficients in air increases from 10.8 x 10(-6) K-1 at 373-923 K up to 14.1 x 10(-6) K-1 at 1223-1523 K. Under both oxidizing and reducing conditions, the electrochemical behavior of porous (La-0.75 Sr-0.25)(0.95)Cr0.5Mn0.5O3-based electrodes applied onto (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-delta solid electrolyte suggests a key role of electronic transport-related processes. As a result, the electrode performance can be significantly enhanced by optimizing current collector and/or by introducing an additional electronically-conductive component, such as metallic Ni or Ag. Further decrease of overpotentials may be achieved via incorporation of electrocatalytically active additions, including praseodymium oxide in oxidizing atmospheres and ceria at low P(O-2). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0167-2738
year published 2007
volume 178
issue 1-2
beginning page 101
ending page 113
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ssi.2006.11.012
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Condensed Matter
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000244410000013
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journal impact factor 2.751
5 year journal impact factor 2.607
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