Mixed conductivity and stability of CaFe2O4-delta
authors Kharton, VV; Tsipis, EV; Kolotygin, VA; Avdeev, M; Viskup, AP; Waerenborgh, JC; Frade, JR
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY
keywords THERMAL-EXPANSION; ELECTRONIC TRANSPORT; IONIC-CONDUCTIVITY; PARTIAL OXIDATION; MEMBRANE REACTOR; OXYGEN; PEROVSKITES; OXIDES; CERAMICS; NONSTOICHIOMETRY
abstract The total conductivity of CaFe2O4-delta, studied in the oxygen partial pressure range from 10(-17) to 0.5 atm at 1023-1223 K, is predominantly p-type electronic under oxidizing conditions. The oxygen ion transference numbers determined by the steady-state oxygen permeation and faradaic efficiency measurements vary in the range of 0.2 to 7.2 x 10(-4) at 1123-1273 K, increasing with temperature. No evidence of any significant cationic contribution to the conductivity was found. The Mossbauer spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the orthorhombic lattice of calcium ferrite is essentially intolerant to the oxygen vacancy formation and to doping with lower-valence cations, such as Co and Ni. The oxygen nonstoichiometry (delta) is almost negligible, 0.0046-0.0059 at 973-1223 K and p(O-2) = 10(-5)-0.21 atm, providing a substantial dimensional stability of CaFe2O4-delta ceramics. The average linear thermal expansion coefficients, calculated from the controlled-atmosphere dilatometry and high-temperature XRD data, are (9.6-13.9) x 10(-6) K-1 in the oxygen pressure range from 10(-8) to 0.21 atm at 873-1373 K. Decreasing P(02) results in a modest lattice contraction and in the p-n transition indicated by the conductivity and Seebeck coefficient variations. The phase decomposition of CaFe2O4-delta occurs at oxygen chemical potentials between the low-p(O-2) stability limit of Ca2Fe2O5-delta brownmillerite and the hematite/magnetite boundary in binary Fe-O system. (c) 2008 The Electrochemical Society.
publisher ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC
issn 0013-4651
year published 2008
volume 155
issue 3
beginning page P13
ending page P20
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1149/1.2823458
web of science category Electrochemistry; Materials Science, Coatings & Films
subject category Electrochemistry; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000253472900071
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