Preparation of PZT discs for use in an acoustic wave sensor
authors Verissimo, MIS; Mantas, PQ; Senos, AMR; Oliveira, JABP; Gomes, MTSR
nationality International
journal CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
author keywords Powders: solid state reaction; Piezoelectric properties; PZT; Sensors
keywords PHASE COEXISTENCE; LIQUID-PHASE; CERAMICS; SYSTEM; EXPOSURE
abstract Ferroelectric ceramics based on lead zirconate titanate with Nb and Mn additives, for use in chemical sensing, have been prepared. The perovskite phase was produced by solid phase reaction of oxides/carbonates. Powders were shaped in the form of discs by uniaxial pressing, and sintered in a controlled atmosphere at several temperature and time conditions. The microstructure of the sintered samples was observed in a scanning electronic microscope (SEM) and the grain size and density were shown to be dependent on the ceramic composition. PZT ceramic discs showed strong radial vibration modes in the kHz range, which could be used for chemical sensing applications both in gaseous and liquid media. Sensitivity was found to be strongly dependent on the density of the ceramics. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0272-8842
year published 2009
volume 35
issue 2
beginning page 617
ending page 622
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ceramint.2008.01.016
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000262773200013
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