Liquid-phase oxidation catalysed by copper(II) immobilised in a pillared layered double hydroxide
authors Monteiro, B; Gago, S; Balula, SS; Valente, AA; Goncalves, IS; Pillinger, M
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS A-CHEMICAL
author keywords Copper(II)-bipyridine catalysts; Layered double hydroxide; Oxidation; Hydrogen peroxide; tert-Butyl hydroperoxide
keywords CU(II) COMPLEXES; 2,2'-BIPYRIDINE LIGANDS; COORDINATION-COMPOUNDS; SELECTIVE OXIDATION; BUTYL HYDROPEROXIDE; MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES; METAL-HYDROXIDES; CYCLOHEXANE; ALCOHOLS; CRYSTAL
abstract A novel type of supported copper(II) catalyst was prepared by the treatment of a Zn-Al layered double hydroxide containing 2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylate (BDC) anions with a solution of CuCl(2) in ethanol. The Cu loading in the recovered material, designated as LDH-BDC/Cu, was ca. 4%, with an approximate BDC:Cu:Cl molar ratio of 2:1:1. The catalytic performance of LDH-BDC/Cu was examined in the liquid-phase oxidation of styrene, ethylbenzene, cyclohexane and cyclooctane at room temperature, using acetonitrile/water as solvent, and hydrogen peroxide (30%) or tert-butyl hydroperoxide (70%) as terminal oxidant. The main products were benzaldehyde from styrene (up to 14% yield at 24 h). acetophenone from ethylbenzene (up to 8% yield at 24 h), and a mixture of cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone from cyclohexane (up to 5% yield at 24 h). For styrene oxidation using H(2)O(2), benzaldehyde was the only observed reaction product (6-11% yield at 24 h), whereas the same reaction carried out in homogeneous phase using the complex [Cu(bipy)Cl(2)] (bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine) gave the by products 2-hydroxy-acetophenone (HAP) and benzoic acid (BAc) in addition to the main product benzaldehyde (60-90% selectivity, 9-11% yield at 24 h). When t-BuOOH was used as the oxidant for styrene oxidation in the presence of LDH-BDC/Cu, the by products HAP, BAc and acetophenone (each with yields of 1-9% at 24 h) were formed in addition to benzaldehyde (5-14% yield at 24 h). Recycling tests for the latter system showed that the solid LDH-BDC/Cu could be recovered at the end of a catalytic run and used in a second run. For the oxidation of styrene and ethylbenzene using H(2)O(2) or t-BuOOH as oxidants, titration experiments showed that LDH-BDC/Cu was significantly more efficient than [Cu(bipy)Cl(2)] in terms of the "productive" consumption of the oxidant. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 1381-1169
year published 2009
volume 312
issue 1-2
beginning page 23
ending page 30
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.molcata.2009.06.027
web of science category Chemistry, Physical
subject category Chemistry
unique article identifier WOS:000270627800004

Apoio

1suponsers_list_ciceco.jpg