Microstructure-property relations in composite yttria-substituted zirconia solid electrolytes
authors Fernandes, CM; Castela, A; Figueiredo, FM; Frade, JR
nationality International
journal SOLID STATE IONICS
author keywords ZrO(2); Composites; Microstructure; Grain boundary; Ionic conductivity; Mechanical properties
keywords STABILIZED ZIRCONIA; MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES; DOPED ZIRCONIA; NET-SHAPE; CONDUCTIVITY; CERAMICS; DEGRADATION; ZRO2
abstract A study of composite 8 mol% yttria stabilized zirconia (8YSZ) and 3 mol% yttria tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (3YTZP) solid electrolytes sintered under isothermal and two-step sintering cycles is reported. The nominal phase composition is retained for composites with up to 25 wt.% 3YTZP. These composites show a combination of beneficial effects with respect to pure 8YSZ, including slight improvement in sinterability, gains in bulk and grain boundary conductivity and also enhanced fracture toughness. Impedance spectroscopy revealed an enhancement of the specific grain boundary conductivity for samples with finer grain sizes, attained by increasing the fraction of 3YTZP or by hindering grain growth under two-step sintering cycles. This effect is rationalized in terms of a decrease of the grain boundary space-charge potential. The conductivity gains decrease with increasing temperature, but even at 700 degrees C the total ionic conductivity of ceramics with 25 wt.% 3YTZP is still higher than that of pure 8YSZ, whereas at 900 degrees C there is a performance loss of less than 10%. The improved mechanical and electrical performance in the intermediate temperature range represents an important advantage of the heterostructured electrolytes for low/intermediate temperature SOFC operation. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0167-2738
year published 2011
volume 193
issue 1
beginning page 52
ending page 59
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ssi.2011.02.017
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Physics, Condensed Matter
subject category Chemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000292946000009
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journal impact factor 2.751
5 year journal impact factor 2.607
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