Removal of Anionic Pollutants from Waters and Wastewaters and Materials Perspective for Their Selective Sorption
authors Lito, PF; Aniceto, JPS; Silva, CM
nationality International
journal WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
author keywords Anion; Ion-exchange; Pollutants; Sorbent; Water treatment
keywords LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES; ION-EXCHANGE-RESIN; MAGNESIUM-ALUMINUM OXIDE; NATURAL STI ZEOLITE; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION; FLUORIDE REMOVAL; DRINKING-WATER; NITRATE REMOVAL; ACTIVATED CARBON; WASTE-WATER
abstract The presence of some anionic species, such as nitrate, nitrite, chloride, sulfide, fluoride, and cyanide, in water supplies may represent a serious environmental problem. In this work, the main sources and harmful effects of their bioaccumulation on living organisms are reviewed, as well as the most adopted technologies for their uptake. The major advantages and disadvantages of each methodology are also listed. In general, ion-exchange has been elucidated as the most suitable removal process. In view of that the most promising materials used to remove anionic pollutants from aqueous solutions are highlighted in this review. In particular, the major efforts towards the development of low-cost and easily available effective sorbents for water decontamination are covered. For instance, natural waste solid materials and derivatives have emerged as promising low-cost exchangers for selective anions uptake. Besides, a number of structural modifications including the introduction of more suitable surface functional groups or compensation species into the sorbent matrix have been investigated in order to enhance sorbents selectivity and capacity for anionic pollutants. The influence of speciation and removal conditions is also focused.
publisher SPRINGER
issn 0049-6979
year published 2012
volume 223
issue 9
beginning page 6133
ending page 6155
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1007/s11270-012-1346-7
web of science category Environmental Sciences; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; Water Resources
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; Water Resources
unique article identifier WOS:000310913400050

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