Characterization of aqueous biphasic systems composed of ionic liquids and a citrate-based biodegradable salt
authors Passos, H; Ferreira, AR; Claudio, AFM; Coutinho, JAP; Freire, MG
nationality International
journal BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
author keywords Aqueous biphasic system; Aqueous two-phase system; Ionic liquid; Potassium citrate; Phase diagram; L-Tryptophan; Partition coefficient; Extraction efficiency
keywords 2-PHASE SYSTEMS; 1-BUTYL-3-METHYLIMIDAZOLIUM BROMIDE; TRYPTOPHAN PRODUCTION; GENETIC MANIPULATION; POLYETHYLENE-GLYCOL; POTASSIUM CITRATE; PHASE-SEPARATION; AMINO-ACIDS; EXTRACTION; SODIUM
abstract Albeit ionic-liquid-based aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) have been largely explored as liquid-liquid extractive approaches for a large array of (bio)molecules, the application of biodegradable and nontoxic salts as phase constituents of these systems has been seldom investigated. In this work 15 ionic liquids were evaluated toward their ability to form ABS in the presence of a common biodegradable organic salt: potassium citrate. The ternary phase diagrams, tie-lines, and respective tie-line lengths, were determined at 25 degrees C. The gathered data allowed the evaluation of the effects of the ionic liquid cation core, of the cation side alkyl chain length, and of the anion nature, to form two-phase systems. It is shown that the ionic liquids aptitude to undergo liquid-liquid demixing is mainly controlled by their hydrophobicity. The large differences observed between the phase diagrams behavior suggest the possibility of tailoring the aqueous phases' polarities for a specific extraction. Therefore, the partitioning of a hydrophobic amino acid produced by bacteria fermentation, L-tryptophan, was also addressed aiming at exploring the applicability of the proposed systems in the biotechnology field. Single-step extraction efficiencies of L-tryptophan for the ionic-liquid-rich phase range between 72% and 99%. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
issn 1369-703X
year published 2012
volume 67
beginning page 68
ending page 76
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.bej.2012.05.004
web of science category Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; Engineering, Chemical
subject category Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000310945100009

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