Graphene nanoplatelet/silicon nitride composites with high electrical conductivity
authors Ramirez, C; Figueiredo, FM; Miranzo, P; Poza, P; Osendi, MI
nationality International
journal CARBON
keywords WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES; SILICON-NITRIDE; GRAPHITE; EXPONENTS; CERAMICS; ALUMINA; RESISTIVITY; GLASSES
abstract Silicon nitride (Si3N4) processed with up to 25 vol.% of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) gives conductive composites with the highest electrical conductivity (40 Scm(-1)) reported for these ceramics with added conductive particles. During compaction and pressure-assisted densification of the composites in the spark plasma sintering (SPS), a preferred orientation of GNPs occurs. Consequently, the electrical conductivity measured along the direction perpendicular to the SPS pressing axis is more than one order of magnitude higher than the one measured along the parallel direction. Percolation in the composites is observed for 7-9 vol.% of GNPs, depending on the measuring direction, perpendicular or parallel to the pressing axis. Different conduction mechanisms are apparent for the two orthogonal orientations. Charge transport along the direction defined by the graphene ab-plane (perpendicular direction) may be explained by a two dimensional variable range hopping mechanism, whereas conduction in the parallel direction shows a more complex behavior, with a metallic-type transition (d sigma/dT < 0) for high GNP contents. A thin amorphous layer was identified at the Si3N4/GNPs interface that may affect the conduction for the parallel configuration. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
issn 0008-6223
year published 2012
volume 50
issue 10
beginning page 3607
ending page 3615
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.carbon.2012.03.031
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000305851700027
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 7.082
5 year journal impact factor 7.088
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 86.140
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