Metal-Free Highly Luminescent Silica Nanoparticles
authors Brites, CDS; Freitas, VT; Ferreira, RAS; Millan, A; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD
nationality International
journal LANGMUIR
keywords ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRIDS; BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS; ACTIVATOR IONS; LIGHT EMISSION; QUANTUM YIELDS; SPHERES; MONODISPERSE; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; NANOCRYSTALS; PHOSPHORS
abstract Stable, cost-effective, brightly luminescent, and metal-free organosilica nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared using the Stober method without any thermal treatment above 318 K. The white-light photoluminescence results from a convolution of the emission originated in the NH2 groups of the organosilane and oxygen defects in the silica network. The time-resolved emission spectra are red-shifted, relative to those acquired in the steady-state regime, pointing out that the NPs emission is governed by donor-acceptor (D-A) recombination mechanisms. Moreover, the increase of the corresponding lifetime values with the monitored wavelength further supports that the emission is governed by a recombination mechanism typical of a D-A pair attributed to an exceptionally broad inhomogeneous distribution of the emitting centers peculiar to silica-based NPs. These NPs exhibit the highest emission quantum yield value (0.15 +/- 0.02) reported so far for organosilica biolabels without activator metals. Moreover, the emission spectra and the quantum yield values are quite stable over time showing no significant aging effects after exposure to the ambient environment for more than 1 year, stressing the potential of these NPs as metal-free biolabels.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 0743-7463
year published 2012
volume 28
issue 21
beginning page 8190
ending page 8196
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/la300288j
web of science category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Chemistry, Physical; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Chemistry; Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000304492700028

Apoio

1suponsers_list_ciceco.jpg