Ab initio study of the relation between electric polarization and electric field gradients in ferroelectrics
authors Goncalves, JN; Stroppa, A; Correia, JG; Butz, T; Picozzi, S; Fenta, AS; Amaral, VS
nationality International
journal PHYSICAL REVIEW B
keywords QUADRUPOLE COUPLING-CONSTANTS; ROCHELLE SALT; 1ST-PRINCIPLES CALCULATION; TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENCE; SINGLE-CRYSTALS; BARIUM-TITANATE; NMR; STATE; TRANSITION; BATIO3
abstract The hyperfine interaction between the quadrupole moment of atomic nuclei and the electric field gradient (EFG) provides information on the electronic charge distribution close to a given atomic site. In ferroelectric materials, the loss of inversion symmetry of the electronic charge distribution is necessary for the appearance of the electric polarization. We present first-principles density functional theory calculations of ferroelectrics such as BaTiO3, KNbO3, PbTiO3 and other oxides with perovskite structures, by focusing on both EFG tensors and polarization. We analyze the EFG tensor properties such as orientation and correlation between components and their relation with electric polarization. This work supports previous studies of ferroelectric materials where a relation between EFG tensors and polarization was observed, which may be exploited to study the ferroelectric order when standard techniques to measure polarization are not easily applied.
publisher AMER PHYSICAL SOC
issn 1098-0121
year published 2012
volume 86
issue 3
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.035145
web of science category Physics, Condensed Matter
subject category Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000306924000001
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journal impact factor 3.813
5 year journal impact factor 3.704
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