A versatile route for the preparation of Ni-CGO cermets from nanocomposite powders
authors Macedo, DA; Souza, GL; Cela, B; Paskocimas, CA; Martinelli, AE; Figueiredo, FML; Marques, FMB; Nascimento, RM
nationality International
journal CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
author keywords One-step synthesis; Ni-CGO anode; Microstructure; Impedance spectroscopy
keywords OXIDE FUEL-CELLS; ANODE MATERIALS; ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES; SOFC ANODES; MICROSTRUCTURE; PERFORMANCE; COMPOSITES; BOUNDARY; ELECTROLYTE; FABRICATION
abstract A comparative microstructural study between Ni-Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (Ni-CGO) anodes obtained from NiO-CGO nanocomposite powders prepared by in situ one-step synthesis and by mechanical mixture (two-step synthesis) of NiO and CGO powders is reported. The open porosity and microstructure of sintered and reduced pellets were investigated as a function of the citric acid content used as pore forming agent. Nanosized crystallites for the one-step and two-step routes were around 18 nm and 24 nm against 16 nm and 37 nm, for CGO and NiO, respectively. Overall results show that both routes provided suitable microstructures either for anode-support, or for functional anodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), with more versatile characteristics in the case of the one-step route. The electrical characterization of selected NiO-CGO samples, carried out between 90 and 260 degrees C by impedance spectroscopy, confirms electrical percolation of both phases in the composites. However, based on combined microstructural and impedance data, it seems clear that the one-step processing route is the best approach to make SOFC anodes with improved performance. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
issn 0272-8842
year published 2013
volume 39
issue 4
beginning page 4321
ending page 4328
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.11.014
web of science category Materials Science, Ceramics
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000318129100109
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