Influence of Mg substitution on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of X-type barium-zinc hexaferrites Ba2Zn2-xMgxFe28O46
authors Kagdi, AR; Solanki, NP; Carvalho, FE; Meena, SS; Bhatt, P; Pullar, RC; Jotania, RB
nationality International
journal JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
author keywords X-type hexagonal ferrites; Mg substitution; Sol-gel synthesis; Mossbauer studies; High frequency measurements
keywords ELECTROMAGNETIC PROPERTIES; HEXAGONAL FERRITES; W-TYPE; STRONTIUM HEXAFERRITE; COMBUSTION ROUTE; MICROWAVE; MOSSBAUER; SRFE12O19; CERAMICS; BACOXZRXFE(12-2X)O19
abstract Mg substituted X-type hexagonal ferrites with the chemical composition Ba2Zn2-xMgxFe28O46 (x = 0.0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 and 2.0) were successfully synthesised by a sol-gel auto-combustion technique, in order to investigate the effect of Mg substitution on structural, magnetic and dielectric properties. XRD analysis of prepared samples revealed the formation of pure X-type phase. The variations (decreasing trend) in lattice parameters with Mg substitution indicate the incorporation of Mg substitution into the crystal structure. The average crystallite size of heated powders was found to be in the range of 16-22 nm. For the first time, the RT hysteresis loops of Ba2Zn2Fe28O46 (Zn2X), Ba2Mg2Fe28O46 (Mg2X) and Ba2Zn2-xMgxFe28O46(x = 0.0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 and 2.0) were measured. The saturation magnetisation showed an initial decrease with x = 0.4-1.2, and then an increase with x > 1.2, to the largest final values of 63.29 Am-2 kg(-1) for the fully Mgesubstituted x = 2.0. The value of coercivity lies in the range of 89.9-209.3 kAm(-1) (1130-2630 Oe), and the magnetic results suggest that the compositions x = 0.0, 0.4 and 1.2 possess multi-domain microstructures, while x = 0.8, 1.6 and 2.0 possess single domain microstructures. The room temperature M.ssbauer spectra were analysed with six sextets of five magnetic sublattices, and the results are presented as a function of Mg substitution. It was found that initial levels of Mg substitution reduce the Fe populations at a and b (spin up) sublattices, but that with x > 1.2 these become repopulated at f(IV) (spin down) site, resulting in an increase in magnetisation. Dielectric parameters such as dielectric constant and loss factor were studied as a function of frequency, and results show normal behaviour for ferrimagnetic materials. At low frequencies (100 Hz-2 MHz), relative permittivity was constant between 0.3 and 1.5 above 20 kHz, with the higher values belonging to the more dense samples. All Mg substituted samples had lower losses above 20 kHz than the pure Zn2X. In complex measurements at microwave frequencies (500 MHz-13.5 GHz), all samples had a real permittivity of around 7.5, except for the fully Mgesubstituted sample (x = 2.0), which had a lower epsilon' of 5.5. For two samples (x = 0.4 and 1.6) we observed dielectric resonances between 12.85 and 13.25 GHz. All showed a steady real permeability of around 1.2-1.5 over the whole 1-13 GHz range, and ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) between 1 and 5 GHz, and similar to 12.5 GHz. (c) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
issn 0925-8388
year published 2018
volume 741
beginning page 377
ending page 391
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.01.092
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
subject category Chemistry; Materials Science; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
unique article identifier WOS:000425530700046
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