Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidant Nanostructured Cellulose Membranes Loaded with Phenolic-Based Ionic Liquids for Cutaneous Application
authors Eduarda S. Morais, Nuno H.C.S. Silva, Tânia E.Sintra Sónia A.O. Santos, Bruno Miguel Neves, Isabel F. Almeida, Paulo C. Costa, Inês Correia-Sá, Sónia P.M. Ventura, Armando J.D. Silvestre, Mara G.Freire, Carmen S.R. Freire
nationality International
journal Carbohydrate Polymers
abstract The utilization of natural compounds, such as phenolic acids and biopolymers, in the healthcare domain is gaining increasing attention. In this study, bacterial nanocellulose (BC) membranes were loaded with ionic liquids (ILs) based on phenolic acids. These ionic compounds, with improved solubility and bioavailability, were prepared by combining the cholinium cation with anions derived from caffeic, ellagic and gallic acids. The obtained BC-ILs membranes were homogeneous, conformable and their swelling ability agreed with the solubility of each IL. These membranes revealed a controlled ILs dissolution rate in the wet state and high antioxidant activity. In vitro assays performed with Raw 264.7 macrophages and HaCaT keratinocytes revealed that these novel BC-ILs membranes are non-cytotoxic and present relevant anti-inflammatory properties. Diffusion studies with Hanson vertical diffusion cells showed a prolonged release profile of the ILs from the BC membranes. Thus, this work, successfully demonstrates the potential of BC-ILs membranes for skin treatment.
year published 2019
volume 206
beginning page 187
ending page 197
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.10.051
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journal analysis (jcr 2017):
journal impact factor 5.158
5 year journal impact factor 5.326
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 93.599
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