Use of ZnAl-Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH) to Extend the Service Life of Reinforced Concrete
authors Gomes, C; Mir, Z; Sampaio, R; Bastos, A; Tedim, J; Maia, F; Rocha, C; Ferreira, M
nationality International
journal MATERIALS
author keywords LDH; layered double hydroxide; corrosion; concrete
keywords ACTIVE CORROSION PROTECTION; MODIFIED HYDROTALCITES; CARBONATION RESISTANCE; CHLORIDE-BINDING; ORGANIC-ANIONS; STEEL; INHIBITOR; INGRESS; IONS
abstract This work investigated the use of ZnAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH) intercalated with nitrate or nitrite ions for controlling the corrosion of steel in reinforced concrete. The work started by analyzing the stability of the powder in the 1-14 pH range and the capacity for capturing chloride ions in aqueous solutions of different pH. The effect of the ZnAl-LDH on the corrosion of steel was studied in aqueous 0.05 M NaCl solution and in mortars immersed in 3.5% NaCl. It was found that the LDH powders dissolved partially at pH > 12. The LDH was able to capture chloride ions from the external solution, but the process was pH-dependent and stopped at high pH due to the partial dissolution of LDH and the preferential exchange of OH- ions. These results seemed to imply that ZnAl-LDH would not work in the alkaline environment inside the concrete. Nonetheless, preliminary results with mortars containing ZnAl-LDH showed lower penetration of chloride ions and higher corrosion resistance of the steel rebars.
publisher MDPI
year published 2020
volume 13
issue 7
digital object identifier (doi) 10.3390/ma13071769
web of science category Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
subject category Materials Science
unique article identifier WOS:000529875600287
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journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 3.057
5 year journal impact factor 3.424
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 58.121
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