Oxygen ion transport numbers: assessment of combined measurement methods
authors Kharton, VV; Shaula, AL; Marques, FMB
nationality International
journal IONICS
author keywords faradaic efficiency; potentiometry; electronic conductivity; solid electrolyte; lanthanum gallate
keywords ELECTRONIC CONDUCTIVITY; CERAMIC MICROSTRUCTURE; ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES; SURFACE EXCHANGE; MIXED CONDUCTORS; DC TECHNIQUES; DOPED LAGAO3; OXIDE; PEROVSKITES; SEPARATION
abstract Several modifications of the faradaic efficiency and electromagnetic field (EMF) methods, taking electrode polarisation resistance into account, were considered based on the analysis of ion transport numbers and p-type electronic conductivity of (La0.9Sr0.1)(0.98)Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-delta ceramics at 973-1,223 K. In air, the activation energies for p-type electronic and oxygen ionic transport are 115 +/- 9 and 71 +/- 5 kJ/mol, respectively. The oxygen ion transference numbers vary in the range 0.992-0.999, increasing when oxygen pressure or temperature decreases. The apparent electronic contribution to the total conductivity, estimated from the classical faradaic efficiency and EMF techniques was considerably higher than true transference numbers due to a non-negligible role of interfacial exchange processes. The modified measurement routes give reliable and similar results when p(O-2) values at the electrodes are high enough, whilst decreasing the oxygen pressure leads to a systematic error for all techniques associated with measurements of concentration cell EMF. This effect, presumably due to diffusion polarisation, increases with decreasing temperature. The most reliable results in the studied p(O-2) range were provided by the modified faradaic efficiency method.
publisher SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
issn 0947-7047
year published 2007
volume 13
issue 3
beginning page 163
ending page 171
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1007/s11581-007-0089-8
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Electrochemistry; Physics, Condensed Matter
subject category Chemistry; Electrochemistry; Physics
unique article identifier WOS:000248879000011
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journal impact factor 2.347
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