Rui Ramos Ferreira e Silva
  Associate Professor  
  phone: 351-234370243  
  extension: 22918  
  department: Materials and Ceramic Engineering  
  group: 3 - materials for energy and functional surfaces
  line: 2 - energy and industrial applications
  direct url:  
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Associate Professor at Aveiro University since 2000.


PhD in Materials Science and Engineering, "Sintering Kinetics and Wear behaviour of Si3N4 Cutting Tools", University of Aveiro, 1993.


Supervisor of 10 PhD thesis and 55 MSc dissertations. Manager of more than 35 scientific/technological projects. Co-author of 6 patents, 1 book, 3 book chapters and of about 220 papers in journals included in the Science Citation Index.Referee of 45 international scientific journals included in SCI. H-index=25 (Web of Science).

Scientific Interests

Synthesis by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of carbon nanostructures and carbon-based coatings (microcrystalline and nanocrystalline diamond, carbon nanotubes, graphene) for mechanical components, electronics and biomedicine applications.

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of ultrathin coatings for microelectronics, catalysis and applications in energy related fields.

Processing and mechanical behaviour of ceramic materials and ceramic matrix composites.

Present Research Group

Filipe Oliveira, researcher; Miguel Neto, post-doc; Ana Girão, post-doc; Ricardo Silva, post-doc; Susana Ferreira, Nuno Santos,  Alyne Mendes, Alice Marciel, Aneeta Jagernauth, Marta Forte, Inês Oliveira, PhD students.

Main present collaborators

Carlos Achete (INMETRO, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); Nicola Pinna (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Chemie); José Gomes (Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Universidade do Minho); Florinda Costa (Departamento de Física, Universidade de Aveiro); Alberto Ferro (Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa); Luísa Durães (Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade de Coimbra); João Miguel Carrapichano (Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra); Cristiano Abreu (Departamento de Física, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto); Joaquim Sacramento (Durit S.A.); Ascensão Lopes (Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto); Fabien Bénédic (Université Paris 13); Manuel Belmonte (Instituto de Ceramica y Vidrio, Madrid).

Teaching Activity

Undergraduation courses teaching of Heat Treatments, Materials Properties (Mechanics), Metallurgical Technology, among others. Post-graduation teaching of Materials Development, Metallic Materials, 2-D and 3-D Nanostructured Materials.

Present projects

- “PLASCOAT - Metalização inovadora e ecológica de plásticos por PVD e CVD assistido por plasma” em co-promoção com a Prirev-Engenharia de Superfícies (POCI-01-0247-FEDER-003493), 2016-2018. Direção do projeto: PRIREV - Engenharia de Superfícies.

- TOOLING4G – Advanced Tools for Smart Manufacturing”, 2018-2021 (Programa Mobilizador Ref. TOOLING4G/2016/24516). Direção do projeto: Centimfe - Centro Tecnológico da Indústria de Moldes.

- SGH - SMART GREEN HOMES”, 2016-2019 (Projeto N.º 7678 Ref. POCI-01-0247-FEDER-007678). Direção do projeto: Bosch Termotecnologia S.A.

- “ULTRAGRAF -Harnessing third-harmonic generation in graphene-coated optics -new devices for ultrafast pulse measurement and frequency upconversion”, 2017-2020 (Projeto M-ERA.NET2/0003/2016). Diretor do projecto: Hélder Crespo (Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto).

Selected Publications

Publications in the last 5 years:


- A. Lamy-Mendes, R.F. Silva, L. Durães, “Advances on carbon nanostructures-silica aerogel composites: a review”, J. Mater. Chem. A. 6 (2018) 1340-1369.

- N. Sevivas, F.G. Teixeira, R. Portugal, B. Santos B, J. Espregueira-Mendes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, N. Sousa, K.W. Ng, A.J. Salgado, “Mesenchymal stem cells secretome improves tendon cell viability in vitro and tendon-bone healing in vivo when a tissue engineering strategy is used in a rat model of chronic massive rotator cuff tear”, Am. J. Sports Med. 46 (2018) 449-459.

- M. Shabani, J. Sacramento, F.J Oliveira, R.F. Silva, "Multilayer CVD diamond coatings in the machining of a Al6061-15vol%Al2O3 composite", Coatings (2017) 7, 165 (13 pgs).

- M. Shabani, J.M. Carrapichano, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Multilayered diamond mechanical seal rings under biodiesel lubrication and the full sealing conditions of pressurized water”, Wear 384-385 (2017) 178–184.

- E.L. Silva, M. Yogendra, A.J.S Fernandes, R.F. Silva, R. Adelung, F.J. Oliveira, M.L. Zheludkevich, “Direct synthesis of electrowettable carbon nanowall-diamond hybrid materials from sacrificial ceramic templates using HFCVD”, Advanced Materials Interfaces (2017) 1700019.

- M. Shabani, C.S. Abreu, J.R. Gomes, R.F. Silva, F.J. Oliveira, “Effect of relative humidity and temperature on the tribology of multilayer micro/nanocrystalline CVD diamond coatings”, Diam. Relat. Mater. 73 (2017) 190–198

- R.M. Silva, G. Clavel, Y. Fan, P. Amsalem, N. Koch, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, “Coating of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes by a novel manganese oxide atomic layer deposition process for binder-free hybrid capacitors”, Advanced Materials Interfaces 3 (2016) 1600313.

- A. Jaggernauth, R.M. Silva, M.A. Neto, , M.J. Hortiguela, G. Gonçalves, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, M.A. Vila, “Nano-Graphene Oxide Functionalization with Organic and Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Polymers by Molecular Layer Deposition”, J. Phys. Chem. C 120 (2016) 24176−24186.

- R.M. Silva, M.C. Ferro, J.R. Araujo, C. A. Achete, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, “Nucleation, growth mechanism and controlled coating of ZnO ALD onto vertically aligned N-doped CNTs”, Langmuir 32 (2016) 7038–7044.

- B. Baudrillart, F. Bénédic, A.S. Melouani, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, J. Achard, “Low-temperature deposition of nanocrystalline diamond films on silicon nitride substrates using distributed antenna array PECVD system”, Phys. Status Solidi A 213 (2016) 2575-2581.

- D. Mukherjee, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, J.F. Carreira, L. Rino, M.R. Correia, S.Z. Rotter, L.N. Alves, J.C. Mendes, “Diamond-SAW devices: a reverse fabrication method”, Phys. Status Solidi C 13 (2016) 53–58.

- M.A. Neto, G. Pato, N. Bundaleski, O.M.N.D. Teodoro, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Surface modifications on as-grown boron doped CVD diamond films induced by the B2O3-ethanol-Ar system”, Diam. Relat. Mater. 64 (2016) 89-96.

- E.M. Gonçalves, M.A. Neto, F.J. Oliveira, M.H. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, M. Vallet-Regíc, M. Amaral, M. Vila, “Three-dimensional printed PCL-hydroxyapatite scaffolds filled with CNTs for bone cell growth stimulation”, aceite para J. Biomed. Res. B: Applied Biomaterials.

- A.F. Carvalho, T. Holz, N.F. Santos, M.C. Ferro, M.A. Martins, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, "Simultaneous CVD synthesis of graphene-diamond hybrid films", Carbon 98 (2016) 99-105.

- N.F. Santos, T. Holz, T. Santos, A.J.S. Fernandes, C.P. Gouvêa, T.L. Vasconcelos, B.S. Archanjo, C.A. Achete, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Heat dissipation interfaces based on vertically-aligned diamond/graphite nanoplatelets”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf. 7 (2015) 24772-24777.

- M.A.O. Lourenço, R.M. Silva, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, S. Pronier, J. Pires, J.R.B. Gomes, M.L. Pinto, P. Ferreira, “Turning periodic mesoporous organosilicas selective to CO2/CH4 separation: deposition of aluminium oxide by atomic layer deposition”, J. Mater. Chem. A 3 (2015) 22860-22867.

- R.M. Trommer, M.M. Maru, W. L.O. Filho, V.P. Nykanen, C.P. Gouvea, B.S. Archanjo, E.H.M. Ferreira, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “Multi-scale evaluation of wear in UHMWPE-metal hip implants tested in a hip joint simulator”, Biotribology 4 (2015) 1–11.

 - A. W. Huang, C. Santos, R. O. Magnago, R. F. Silva, K. Strecker, J.K.M.F. Daguano, “Sintering of alumina ceramics reinforced with a bioactive glass of 3CaO.P2O5-SiO2-MgO system”, Cerâmica 61 (2015) 160-167.

-R.M. Silva, A.C. Bastos, F.J. Oliveira, D.E. Conte, Y.F. Fan, N. Pinna, R.F. Silva, “Catalyst-free growth of carbon nanotube arrays directly on Inconel® substrates for electrochemical carbon-based electrodes”, J. Mater. Chem. A 3 (2015) 17804 – 17810.

- E.L. Silva, C.P. Gouveia, M.C. Quevedo, B.S. Archanjo, A.J.S. Fernandes, C.A. Achete, R.F. Silva, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, “All-diamond microelectrodes as solid state probes for localized electrochemical sensing”, Anal. Chem. 87 (2015) 6487–6492.

- E.M. Gonçalves, M.A. Neto, F.J. Oliveira, M.H. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, M. Vallet-Regíc, M. Amaral, M. Vila, “Three-dimensional printed PCL-hydroxyapatite scaffolds filled with CNTs for bone cell growth stimulation”, aceite para J. Biomed. Res. B:Applied Biomaterials.

- M.M. Maru, M. Amaral, S.P. Rodrigues, R. Santos, A.M. Pimenta, R.M. Trommer, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “The high performance of nanocrystalline CVD diamond coated hip joints in wear simulator test”, J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater. 49 (2015) 175-185.

- D. Mata, M. Amaral, A.J.S. Fernandes, B. Colaço, A. Gama, M. C. Paiva, P. S. Gomes, R.F. Silva, M. H. Fernandes, “Diels-Alder functionalized carbon nanotubes for bone tissue engineering: in vitro/in vivo biocompatibility and biodegradability”, Nanoscale 7 (2015) 9238-51.

- M. Amaral, M.M. Maru, S.P. Rodrigues, R.M. Trommer, F.J. Oliveira, C.A. Achete, R.F. Silva, “Extremely low wear rates in hip joint bearings coated with nanocrystalline diamond”, 2015 Trib. Int. 89 (2015) 72-77.

- Y.A. Ivanova, J.F. Monteiro, A.L. Horovistiz, D.K. Ivanou, J.R. Frade, D.Mata, R.F.Silva, "Electrochemical deposition of Fe and Fe/CNTs composites from strongly alkaline hematite suspensions", J. Appl. Electrochem. 45 (2015) 515-522.

- R.M. Silva, A.J.S. Fernandes, M.C. Ferro, N. Pinna, R.F. Silva, "Vertically aligned N-doped CNTs growth using Taguchi experimental design", Appl. Surf. Sci. 344 (2015) 57–64.

- D. Mata, F. J. Oliveira, M.A. Neto, A. C. Bastos, M. Belmonte, M. A. Lopes, P.S Gomes, M. H. Fernandes, R. F. Silva, “Smart electroconductive bioactive ceramics to promote in situ electrostimulation of bone”, J. Materials Chemistry B 3 (2015) 1831-1845.

- B. Tebikachew, S. Magina, D. Mata, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, A. Barros-Timmons, “3D Scaffolds from Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes/ Poly(methyl methacrylate) Composites via Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization”, Materials Chemistry and Physics 149-150 (2015) 378-384.

- E.L. Silva, A.C Bastos, M.A. Neto, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, M.G.S. Ferreira, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, "New fluorinated diamond microelectrodes for localized detection of dissolved oxygen", Science and Actuators B 2014 (2014) 544-551.

- E.L. Silva, R.F. Silva, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, "Novel electrochemical method of fast and reproducible fabrication of metallic nanoelectrodes", Review of Scientific Instruments 85 (2014) 095109 (7pp).

- M.M. Maru, R.M. Trommer, K.F. Cavalcanti, E.S. Figueiredo, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “The Stribeck curve as a suitable characterization method of the lubricity of biodiesel and diesel blends”, Energy 69 (2014) 673-681.

- R.G. Carvalho, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Mechanical behaviour of zirconia-mullite directionally solidified eutectics”, Materials & Design 61 (2014) 211–216.

- D. Mata, F.J. Oliveira, N.M. Ferreira, R.F. Araújo, A.J.S. Fernandes, M.A. Lopes, P. S. Gomes, M. H. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, “Processing strategies for smart electroconductive carbon nanotube-based bioceramic bone grafts”, Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 145602 (14pp).

- R.G. Carvalho, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, F.M. Figueiredo, “Directional solidification of ZrO2-BaZrO3 composites with mixed protonic-oxide ionic conductivity”, Solid State Ionics 262 (2014) 654-658.

- R.G. Carvalho, A.V. Kovalevsky, M.W. Lufaso, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, F.M. Figueiredo, “Ionic conductivity of directionally solidified zirconia-mullite eutectics”, Solid State Ionics 256 (2014) 45–51.

- E.L. Silva, A.C Bastos, M.A. Neto, R.F. Silva, M.G.S. Ferreira, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, “Novel Diamond Microelectrode for pH Sensing”, Electrochemistry Communications 40 (2014) 31–34 .

- D. Mata, A.L. Horovistiz, M. Ferro, N. Ferreira, M. Belmonte, M.A. Lopes, R.F. Silva, F. J. Oliveira, “Carbon nanotubes-based bioceramic grafts for electrotherapy of bone”, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 34 (2014) 360-368.

- D. Mata, F.J. Oliveira, M. Ferro, P.S. Gomes, M.H. Fernandes, M.A. Lopes, R.F. Silva, "Multifunctional carbon nanotube/bioceramics modulate the directional growth and activity of osteoblastic cells", J. Biomedical Nanotechnology 10 (2014) 725-743.

- E. Salgueiredo, M. Amaral, F.A. Almeida, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Mechanical performance upgrading of CVD diamond using the multilayer strategy”, Surf. Coat. Techn. 236 (2013) 380-387.

- F.A. Almeida, E. Salgueiredo, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, D.L. Baptista, S.B. Peripolli, C.A. Achete, “Interfaces in nano/microcrystalline multigrade CVD diamond coatings”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf. 5 (2013) 11725-11729.

- F.A. Almeida, M.M. Maru, L.N. Batista, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “Wear and friction behaviour of Si3N4 ceramics under diesel and biodiesel lubrication”, J. Mater. Res. Techn. 2 (2013) 110-116.

- R.G. Carvalho, F.M. Figueiredo, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Laser melting processing of ZrO2-BaZrO3 ceramic eutectics”, Sci. Adv. Mater. 5 (2013) 1847-1856.

- M.M. Maru, C.M. Almeida, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “Assessment of boundary lubrication in biodiesels by nanotribological tests”, Energy 55 (2013) 273–277.

- M.M. Maru, R.M. Trommer, F.A. Almeida, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “Assessment of the lubricant behaviour of biodiesel fuels using Stribeck curves”, Fuel Processing Technology 116 (2013) 130–134.

- F.A. Almeida, M.M. Maru, M. Shabani, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “Enhancing the tribological performance under biodiesel lubrication with CVD diamond coated parts”, Wear 302 (2013) 1370–1377.

- E. Salgueiredo, C.S. Abreu, M. Amaral, F.J. Oliveira, J.R. Gomes, R.F. Silva, “Self-mated tribological systems based on multilayer micro/nanocrystalline CVD diamond coatings”, Wear 303 (2013) 225-234.

- S.P. Rodrigues, J.M. Paiva, S. De Francesco, M. Amaral, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, "Artifact level produced by different femoral head prostheses in CT imaging: diamond coated silicon nitride as a future biomedical application", J. Mater. Sci.: Materials in Medicine 24 (2013) 231-239.

- R.G. Carvalho, M.S. Pires, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Directionally solidified eutectic and off-eutectic mullite-zirconia fibres”, J. Europ. Ceram. Soc. 33 (2013) 953-963.

- E. Salgueiredo, F.A. Almeida, M. Amaral, M.A. Neto, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, "A multilayer approach for enhancing the erosive wear resistance of CVD diamond coatings", Wear 297 (2013) 1064-1073- A.L. Horovistiz, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Quantification of Microstructural Features in Carbon Nanotube/Nanodiamond hybrids”, Microscopy and Microanalysis 18 S5 (2012) 85-86.

- R.G. Carvalho, M.S. Pires, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, T. Monteiro, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Microstructure of mullite-zirconia fibres grown by directional solidification”, Microscopy and Microanalysis 18 S5 (2012) 103-104.

- J. Rodrigues, D. Mata, A.J.S. Fernandes, M.A. Neto, R.F. Silva, T. Monteiro, F.M. Costa, “ZnO nanostructures grown on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes by laser assisted flow deposition”, Acta Materialia 60 (2012) 5143-5150.

- M.A. Neto, C.M.F. Gomes, E.L. Silva, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Diamond based biosensors: surface-fluid interaction issues”, Procedia Chemistry 6 (2012) 117-124.

- M. Amaral, D.J. Carreira, A.J.S. Fernandes, C.S. Abreu, F.J. Oliveira, J.R. Gomes, R.F. Silva, “A DLC/diamond bilayer approach for reducing the initial friction towards a high bearing capacity”, Wear 290–291 (2012) 18-24.

- E.L. Silva, A.C. Bastos, R.F. Silva, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, “Development of Boron Doped Nanocrystalline Diamond Microelectrodes for the Detection of Zn2+ and Dissolved O2”, Electrochemica Acta 76 (2012) 487-494.

- J.M. Vieira, R.A. Silva, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Enhancement of superconductivity in LFZ-grown BSCCO fibres by steeper axial temperature gradients”, Appl. Surf. Sci. 258 (2012) 9175-9180.

- M. A. Neto, E. L. Silva, C.A. Ghumman, O.M. Teodoro, A. J. S. Fernandes, F. J. Oliveira, R. F. Silva, “Composition profiles and adhesion evaluation of conductive diamond coatings on dielectric ceramics”, Thin Solid Films 520 (2012) 5260–5266.

- D. Mata, R.M. Silva, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, P.M.F.J. Costa, R.F. Silva, "Upscaling potential of the CVD stacking growth method to produce dimensionally-controlled and catalyst-free multi-walled carbon nanotubes", Carbon 50 (2012) 3585–3606.

- M.A. Neto, E.L. Silva, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Diamond/WC bilayer formation mechanism by hot-filament CVD”, Surf. Coat. Techn. 206 (2012) 3055-3063.

- R.M. Silva, A. Pucci, C. Marichy, D. Mata, M.C. Ferro, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, “Ultra simple catalyst layer preparation for the growth of vertically aligned CNTs and CNTs-based nanostructures”, CrystEngComm 14 (2012) 48-52.

- M.A. Neto, E.L. Silva, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Deposition of alpha-WC/a-C nanocomposite thin films by hot-filament CVD”, Surf. Coat. Techn. 206 (2011) 103–106.

- F.A. Almeida, E. Soares, A.J.S. Fernandes, J. Sacramento, R.F. Silva, F.J. Oliveira, “Diamond film adhesion onto submicrometric WC-Co substrates”, Vacuum 85 (2011) 1135-1139.

- F.A. Almeida, F.J. Oliveira, J. Sacramento, R.F. Silva, "Nanocrystalline CVD Diamond Coatings for Drilling of WC-Co Parts", Int. J. Ref. Metals Hard Mater. 29 (2011) 618-622.

- F.A. Almeida, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, D.L. Baptista, S.B. Peripolli, C.A. Achete, “High resolution study of the strong diamond/silicon nitride interface”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 (2011) 171913.

- D. Mata, M. Amaral, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, P.M.F.J. Costa, R.F. Silva, “Self-assembled cones of aligned carbon nanofibers grown on wet-etched Cu foils”, Carbon 49 (2011) 2181–2196.

- S. Ferreira, P. Duarte, F.Almeida, R.F. Silva, “Bilayered coatings of c-BN/diamond grown on Si3N4 ceramic substrates”, Diam. Relat. Mater. 20 (2011) 464-467.

- M.F. Carrasco, V.S. Amaral, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Electrical assisted laser floating zone (EALFZ) growth of 2212-BSCCO superconducting fibres”, Appl. Surf. Sci. 257 (2011) 5283–5286.

- E. Salgueiredo, M. Amaral, M.A. Neto, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, "HFCVD diamond deposition parameters optimized by a Taguchi matrix", Vacuum 85 (2011) 701-704.

ongoing scientific supervisions