Rui Ramos Ferreira e Silva
  Associate Professor  
  phone: 351-234370243  
  extension: 22918  
  department: Materials and Ceramic Engineering  
  group: 3 - carbon materials, composites and functional coatings
  line: 2 - energy and industrial applications
  direct url:  
Short CV
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Associate Professor at Aveiro University since 2000.


PhD in Materials Science and Engineering, "Sintering Kinetics and Wear behaviour of Si3N4 Cutting Tools", University of Aveiro, 1993.


Supervisor of 11 PhD thesis and 60 MSc dissertations. Manager of more than 35 scientific/technological projects. Co-author of 6 patents, 1 book, 3 book chapters and of about 220 papers in journals included in the Science Citation Index.Referee of 45 international scientific journals included in SCI. H-index=26 (Web of Science).

Scientific Interests

Synthesis by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of carbon nanostructures and carbon-based coatings (microcrystalline and nanocrystalline diamond, carbon nanotubes, graphene) for mechanical components, electronics and biomedicine applications.

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of ultrathin coatings for microelectronics, catalysis and applications in energy related fields.

Processing and mechanical behaviour of ceramic materials and ceramic matrix composites.

Present Research Group

Researchers: Filipe Oliveira, Miguel Neto, Ana Girão. Post-docs: Ricardo Silva, Dhananjay Sharma. PhD students: Alyne Mendes, Alice Marciel, Aneeta Jagernauth, Marta Forte, Inês Oliveira, Sérgio Pratas. 

Main present collaborators

Carlos Achete (INMETRO, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil); Nicola Pinna (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Chemie); José Gomes (Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Universidade do Minho); Florinda Costa (Departamento de Física, Universidade de Aveiro); Alberto Ferro (Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa); Luísa Durães (Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade de Coimbra); João Miguel Carrapichano (Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra); Cristiano Abreu (Departamento de Física, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto); Joaquim Sacramento (Durit S.A.); Ascensão Lopes (Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto); Fabien Bénédic (Université Paris 13); Manuel Belmonte (Instituto de Ceramica y Vidrio, Madrid).

Teaching Activity

Undergraduation courses teaching of Heat Treatments, Materials Properties (Mechanics), Metallurgical Technology, among others. Post-graduation teaching of Materials Development, Metallic Materials, 2-D and 3-D Nanostructured Materials.

Present projects

- PI of project “DHardTools - Precision Machining with CVD Diamond Cutting Tools”, 2019-21. Pro otor: Palbit S.A.

- PI at UA of project “Fosforetos de metais de transição nanoestruturados para armazenamento de energia electroquímica- MePhEES”, 2018-2020 (Projeto UTAP-EXPL/CTE/0008/2017). Colaboration with Lifeng Liu (INL). .

- PI at UA of project “PLASCOAT - Metalização inovadora e ecológica de plásticos por PVD e CVD assistido por plasma” em co-promoção com a Prirev-Engenharia de Superfícies (POCI-01-0247-FEDER-003493), 2016-2018. Promotor: PRIREV - Engenharia de Superfícies.

- Participant in TOOLING4G – Advanced Tools for Smart Manufacturing”, 2018-2021 (Programa Mobilizador Ref. TOOLING4G/2016/24516). Promotor: Centimfe - Centro Tecnológico da Indústria de Moldes.

- Participant in SGH - SMART GREEN HOMES”, 2016-2019 (Projeto N.º 7678 Ref. POCI-01-0247-FEDER-007678). Promotor: Bosch Termotecnologia S.A.

- Participant in “ULTRAGRAF -Harnessing third-harmonic generation in graphene-coated optics -new devices for ultrafast pulse measurement and frequency upconversion”, 2017-2020 (Projeto M-ERA.NET2/0003/2016). Project PI: Hélder Crespo (Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto).

Selected Publications

Publications in the last 5 years:


Juliana Marques, Tiago D. Gomes, Marta A. Forte, Rui F. Silva, Carlos J. Tavares, “A new route for the synthesis of highly-active N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles for visible light photocatalysis using urea as nitrogen precursor”, Catalysis Today 326 (2019) 36-45.

P. Pedrosa, M.S. Rodrigues, M.A. Neto, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, J. Borges, M. Amaral, A. Ferreira, L.H. Godinho, S. Carvalho1, F. Vaz, “Properties of CrN thin films deposited in plasma activated ABS by reactive magnetron sputtering”, Surf. Coat. Techn. 349 (2018) 858-866.

R.P. Domingues, M.S. Rodrigues, M. Proença, D. Costa, E. Alves, N. P. Barradas, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, J. Borges, F. Vaz, “Thin films composed of Au nanoparticles embedded in AlN: Influence of metal concentration and thermal annealing on the LSPR band”, Vacuum 157 (2018) 414-421.

A. Lamy-Mendes, R.F. Silva, L. Durães, “Advances on carbon nanostructures-silica aerogel composites: a review”, J. Mater. Chem. A. 6 (2018) 1340-1369.

N. Sevivas, F.G. Teixeira, R. Portugal, B. Santos B, J. Espregueira-Mendes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, N. Sousa, K.W. Ng, A.J. Salgado, “Mesenchymal stem cells secretome improves tendon cell viability in vitro and tendon-bone healing in vivo when a tissue engineering strategy is used in a rat model of chronic massive rotator cuff tear”, Am. J. Sports Med. 46 (2018) 449-459.

M. Shabani, J. Sacramento, F.J Oliveira, R.F. Silva, "Multilayer CVD diamond coatings in the machining of a Al6061-15vol%Al2O3 composite", Coatings 7 (2017) 165 (13 pgs.).

M. Shabani, J.M. Carrapichano, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Multilayered diamond mechanical seal rings under biodiesel lubrication and the full sealing conditions of pressurized water”, Wear 384-385 (2017) 178–184.

E.L. Silva, M. Yogendra, A.J.S Fernandes, R.F. Silva, R. Adelung, F.J. Oliveira, M.L. Zheludkevich, “Direct synthesis of electrowettable carbon nanowall-diamond hybrid materials from sacrificial ceramic templates using HFCVD”, Advanced Materials Interfaces (2017) 1700019.

M. Shabani, C.S. Abreu, J.R. Gomes, R.F. Silva, F.J. Oliveira, “Effect of relative humidity and temperature on the tribology of multilayer micro/nanocrystalline CVD diamond coatings”, Diam. Relat. Mater. 73 (2017) 190–198

R.M. Silva, G. Clavel, Y. Fan, P. Amsalem, N. Koch, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, “Coating of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes by a novel manganese oxide atomic layer deposition process for binder-free hybrid capacitors”, Advanced Materials Interfaces 3 (2016) 1600313.

A. Jaggernauth, R.M. Silva, M.A. Neto, , M.J. Hortiguela, G. Gonçalves, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, M.A. Vila, “Nano-Graphene Oxide Functionalization with Organic and Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Polymers by Molecular Layer Deposition”, J. Phys. Chem. C 120 (2016) 24176−24186.

R.M. Silva, M.C. Ferro, J.R. Araujo, C. A. Achete, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, “Nucleation, growth mechanism and controlled coating of ZnO ALD onto vertically aligned N-doped CNTs”, Langmuir 32 (2016) 7038–7044.

B. Baudrillart, F. Bénédic, A.S. Melouani, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, J. Achard, “Low-temperature deposition of nanocrystalline diamond films on silicon nitride substrates using distributed antenna array PECVD system”, Phys. Status Solidi A 213 (2016) 2575-2581.

D. Mukherjee, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, J.F. Carreira, L. Rino, M.R. Correia, S.Z. Rotter, L.N. Alves, J.C. Mendes, “Diamond-SAW devices: a reverse fabrication method”, Phys. Status Solidi C 13 (2016) 53–58.

M.A. Neto, G. Pato, N. Bundaleski, O.M.N.D. Teodoro, A.J.S. Fernandes, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, “Surface modifications on as-grown boron doped CVD diamond films induced by the B2O3-ethanol-Ar system”, Diam. Relat. Mater. 64 (2016) 89-96.

E.M. Gonçalves, M.A. Neto, F.J. Oliveira, M.H. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, M. Vallet-Regíc, M. Amaral, M. Vila, “Three-dimensional printed PCL-hydroxyapatite scaffolds filled with CNTs for bone cell growth stimulation”, J. Biomed. Res. B Applied Biomaterials 104 (2016) 1210-19.

A.F. Carvalho, T. Holz, N.F. Santos, M.C. Ferro, M.A. Martins, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, "Simultaneous CVD synthesis of graphene-diamond hybrid films", Carbon 98 (2016) 99-105.

N.F. Santos, T. Holz, T. Santos, A.J.S. Fernandes, C.P. Gouvêa, T.L. Vasconcelos, B.S. Archanjo, C.A. Achete, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Heat dissipation interfaces based on vertically-aligned diamond/graphite nanoplatelets”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interf. 7 (2015) 24772-24777.

M.A.O. Lourenço, R.M. Silva, R.F. Silva, N. Pinna, S. Pronier, J. Pires, J.R.B. Gomes, M.L. Pinto, P. Ferreira, “Turning periodic mesoporous organosilicas selective to CO2/CH4 separation: deposition of aluminium oxide by atomic layer deposition”, J. Mater. Chem. A 3 (2015) 22860-22867.

R.M. Trommer, M.M. Maru, W. L.O. Filho, V.P. Nykanen, C.P. Gouvea, B.S. Archanjo, E.H.M. Ferreira, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “Multi-scale evaluation of wear in UHMWPE-metal hip implants tested in a hip joint simulator”, Biotribology 4 (2015) 1–11.

A.W. Huang, C. Santos, R.O. Magnago, R.F. Silva, K. Strecker, J.K.M.F. Daguano, “Sintering of alumina ceramics reinforced with a bioactive glass of 3CaO.P2O5-SiO2-MgO system”, Cerâmica 61 (2015) 160-167.

R.M. Silva, A.C. Bastos, F.J. Oliveira, D.E. Conte, Y.F. Fan, N. Pinna, R.F. Silva, “Catalyst-free growth of carbon nanotube arrays directly on Inconel® substrates for electrochemical carbon-based electrodes”, J. Mater. Chem. A 3 (2015) 17804 – 17810.

E.L. Silva, C.P. Gouvêa, M.C. Quevedo, B.S. Archanjo, A.J.S. Fernandes, C.A. Achete, R.F. Silva, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, “All-diamond microelectrodes as solid state probes for localized electrochemical sensing”, Anal. Chem. 87 (2015) 6487–6492.

M.M. Maru, M. Amaral, S.P. Rodrigues, R. Santos, A.M. Pimenta, R.M. Trommer, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “The high performance of nanocrystalline CVD diamond coated hip joints in wear simulator test”, J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater. 49 (2015) 175-185.

D. Mata, M. Amaral, A.J.S. Fernandes, B. Colaço, A. Gama, M. C. Paiva, P. S. Gomes, R.F. Silva, M. H. Fernandes, “Diels-Alder functionalized carbon nanotubes for bone tissue engineering: in vitro/in vivo biocompatibility and biodegradability”, Nanoscale 7 (2015) 9238-51.

M. Amaral, M.M. Maru, S.P. Rodrigues, R.M. Trommer, F.J. Oliveira, C.A. Achete, R.F. Silva, “Extremely low wear rates in hip joint bearings coated with nanocrystalline diamond”, 2015 Trib. Int. 89 (2015) 72-77.

Y.A. Ivanova, J.F. Monteiro, A.L. Horovistiz, D.K. Ivanou, J.R. Frade, D.Mata, R.F.Silva, "Electrochemical deposition of Fe and Fe/CNTs composites from strongly alkaline hematite suspensions", J. Appl. Electrochem. 45 (2015) 515-522.

R.M. Silva, A.J.S. Fernandes, M.C. Ferro, N. Pinna, R.F. Silva, "Vertically aligned N-doped CNTs growth using Taguchi experimental design", Appl. Surf. Sci. 344 (2015) 57–64.

D. Mata, F. J. Oliveira, M.A. Neto, A. C. Bastos, M. Belmonte, M. A. Lopes, P.S Gomes, M. H. Fernandes, R. F. Silva, “Smart electroconductive bioactive ceramics to promote in situ electrostimulation of bone”, J. Materials Chemistry B 3 (2015) 1831-1845.

B. Tebikachew, S. Magina, D. Mata, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, A. Barros-Timmons, “3D Scaffolds from Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes/ Poly(methyl methacrylate) Composites via Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization”, Materials Chemistry and Physics 149-150 (2015) 378-384.

E.L. Silva, A.C Bastos, M.A. Neto, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, M.G.S. Ferreira, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, "New fluorinated diamond microelectrodes for localized detection of dissolved oxygen", Science and Actuators B 2014 (2014) 544-551.

E.L. Silva, R.F. Silva, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, "Novel electrochemical method of fast and reproducible fabrication of metallic nanoelectrodes", Review of Scientific Instruments 85 (2014) 095109 (7pp).

M.M. Maru, R.M. Trommer, K.F. Cavalcanti, E.S. Figueiredo, R.F. Silva, C.A. Achete, “The Stribeck curve as a suitable characterization method of the lubricity of biodiesel and diesel blends”, Energy 69 (2014) 673-681.

R.G. Carvalho, F.J. Oliveira, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, “Mechanical behaviour of zirconia-mullite directionally solidified eutectics”, Materials & Design 61 (2014) 211–216.

D. Mata, F.J. Oliveira, N.M. Ferreira, R.F. Araújo, A.J.S. Fernandes, M.A. Lopes, P. S. Gomes, M. H. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, “Processing strategies for smart electroconductive carbon nanotube-based bioceramic bone grafts”, Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 145602 (14pp).

R.G. Carvalho, A.J.S. Fernandes, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, F.M. Figueiredo, “Directional solidification of ZrO2-BaZrO3 composites with mixed protonic-oxide ionic conductivity”, Solid State Ionics 262 (2014) 654-658.

R.G. Carvalho, A.V. Kovalevsky, M.W. Lufaso, R.F. Silva, F.M. Costa, F.M. Figueiredo, “Ionic conductivity of directionally solidified zirconia-mullite eutectics”, Solid State Ionics 256 (2014) 45–51.

E.L. Silva, A.C Bastos, M.A. Neto, R.F. Silva, M.G.S. Ferreira, M.L. Zheludkevich, F.J. Oliveira, “Novel Diamond Microelectrode for pH Sensing”, Electrochemistry Communications 40 (2014) 31–34 .

D. Mata, A.L. Horovistiz, M. Ferro, N. Ferreira, M. Belmonte, M.A. Lopes, R.F. Silva, F. J. Oliveira, “Carbon nanotubes-based bioceramic grafts for electrotherapy of bone”, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 34 (2014) 360-368.

D. Mata, F.J. Oliveira, M. Ferro, P.S. Gomes, M.H. Fernandes, M.A. Lopes, R.F. Silva, "Multifunctional carbon nanotube/bioceramics modulate the directional growth and activity of osteoblastic cells", J. Biomedical Nanotechnology 10 (2014) 725-743.

ongoing scientific supervisions