Carlos António Delgado Sousa Brites
  Assistant Professor  
  phone: 234 370 945  
  extension: 23144  
  department: Physics  
  office: 13.2.9  
  group: 1 - inorganic functional nanomaterials and organic-inorganic hybrids
  line: 1 - information and communication technology
  direct url:  
Short CV
Carlos Brites was born in Nazaré, Portugal, in May, 1981.
2019-present: Assistant Professor Physics Departament, University of Aveiro, Portugal
2017-2019: Researcher at CICECO/ Departamento de Física, Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal

2013-2017: Post-Doctoral fellowship  (CICECO/ Departamento de Física, Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal e ICMA/ Departamento de Física de la Matéria Condensada, Universidade de Saragoça, Espanha) FCT Grant holder (SFRH/BPD/89003/2012) “Molecular Luminescent Thermometers”

 2007-2012: Ph.D Student (CICECO/ Physics Department, University of Aveiro, Portugal and ICMA/ Physics of Condensed Matter Department, University of Zaragoza, Spain) “Self-Referencing Thermometry at the Nanoscale”

2004-2007: Master in Optoelectronics and  Lasers (Faculty of Sciences, University of Oporto, Portugal)
“Integrated Optics Beam Combiners for Astronomical Interferometry”
1999-2004: Degree in Physics and Chemistry (Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal)
Scientific Interests

Luminescent Materials based on Trivalent Lanthanide Ions

Luminescent Materials as nanoscale thermal probes

Luminescence thermometry as a nanotool for materials' characterization

Molecular Logical Gates

Research Group

University of Aveiro

Universidade de Aveiro

Photonic Hybrids and Nanomaterials Group



Main present collaborators

University of Aveiro

Luís D. Carlos

Rute André

Helena Oliveira

University of Zaragoza (Spain)

Angel Millan
Rafael Piñol

Centro de Energia Atómica (Argentina)

Eduardo D. Martínez

Ongoing projects
  • FCT Ref. PTDC/FIS-OUT/31469/2017 (Team Member, 10%). Funding: 221,702.30 €. Period: July 2018 - June 2021.


  • FCT Ref. PTDC/BTM-MAT/31794/2017 (Team Member, 10%). Funding: 235,080.68 €. Period: August 2018 - August 2021.


  • FCT Ref. PTDC/CTM-NAN/4647/2014 (Team Member, 70%). Funding 183,945.00 €. Period: July 2016 - June 2019.
Selected Publications

Artigo em conferência

1            Ghasempour, A; Alexandre, D; Brites, CDS; Moreira, PJ; Reynaud, F; Marques, PVS; Leite, AMP; Garcia, PJV. 2008. "Rapid prototyping of integrated sol-gel devices for astronomical interferometry". Marseille, França. SPIE. DOI:10.1117/12.788845

Artigo em revista

2              Gonell, F; Botas, AMP; Brites, CDS; Amoros, P; Carlos, LD; Julián-López, B; Ferreira, RAS. 2019 “Aggregation-induced Heterogeneities in the Emission of Upconverting Nanoparticles at the Submicron Scale Unfolded by Hyperspectral Microscopy” Nanoscale Advances, DOI: 10.1039/c8na00412a


3              Brites, Carlos DS; Martinez, Eduardo D.; Urbano, Ricardo R; Rettori Carlos; Carlos, Luís D. 2019. "Self-calibrated double luminescent thermometers through upconverting nanoparticles". Frontiers in Organic Chemistry. DOI:10.3389/fchem.2019.00083


4              Martínez, ED; Brites, CDS; Carlos, LD; Urbano RR; Rettori, C. 2019. "Upconversion Nanocomposite Materials with Designed Thermal Response for Optoelectronic Devices". Frontiers in Chemistry. DOI:10.3389/fchem.2019.00083


5              Martínez, ED; Brites, CDS; Carlos, LD; García-Flores, AF, Urbano, RR; Rettori, C. 2019. "Electrochromic Switch Devices Mixing Small- and Large-Sized Upconverting Nanocrystals". Advanced Functional Materials. DOI:10.1002/adfm.201807758.


6              Brites, CDS; Balabhadra, S; Carlos, LD 2018. "Lanthanide-Based Thermometers: At the Cutting-Edge of Luminescence Thermometry". Advanced Optical Materials DOI:10.1002/adom.201801239


7              Balabhadra, S; Debasu, ML; Brites, CDS.; Ferreira, RAS; Carlos, LD. 2018. "Radiation-to-heat conversion efficiency in SrF2:Yb3+/Er3+ upconverting nanoparticles". Optical Materials 83: 1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.optmat.2018.05.069.


8              Brites, CDS; Fiaczyk, K.; Ramalho, JFCB; Sójka, M.; Carlos, LD; Zych, E. 2018. "Widening the Temperature Range of Luminescent Thermometers through the Intra- and Interconfigurational Transitions of Pr3+". Advanced Optical Materials 6 (10): 1701318.DOI:10.1002/adom.201701318.


9              Savchuk, OA; Carvajal, JJ; Brites CDS; Carlos, LD; Aguilo, M; Diaz, F. 2018. "Upconversion thermometry: a new tool to measure the thermal resistance of nanoparticles". Nanoscale. DOI:1039/C7NR08758F


10          Ramalho, JFCB; António, LCF; Correia, SFH; Fu, LS; Pinho, AS; Brites, CDS; Carlos, LD; André, PS; Ferreira, RAS. 2018. "Luminescent QR codes for smart labelling and sensing". Optics and Laser Technology 101: 304-311. DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.11.023


11          Balabhadra, S; Debasu, ML; Brites, CDS; Ferreira, RAS; Carlos, LD. 2017. "A cost-effective quantum yield measurement setup for upconverting nanoparticles". Journal of Luminescence 189: 64-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2017.03.054


12          Balabhadra, S; Debasu, ML; Brites, CDS; Ferreira, RAS; Carlos, LD. 2017. "Upconverting Nanoparticles Working As Primary Thermometers in Different Media". Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121 (25): 13962-13968. DOI:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04827


13          Brites, CDS; Fuertes, MC; Angelomé, PC; Martínez, ED; Lima, PP; Soler-Illia, GJAA; Carlos, LD. 2017. "Tethering Luminescent Thermometry and Plasmonics: Light Manipulation to Assess Real-Time Thermal Flow in Nanoarchitectures". Nano Letters 17 (8): 4746-4752. DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01433


14          Li, L; Zhu, Y; Zhou, X; Brites, CDS; Ananias, D; Lin, Z; Paz, FA Filipe A; Rocha, J; Huang, W; Carlos, LD. 2016. "Visible-Light Excited Luminescent Thermometer Based on Single Lanthanide Organic Frameworks". Advanced Functional Materials 26 (47): 8677-8684. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603179


15          Debasu, ML; Brites, CDS; Balabhadra, S; Oliveira, H; Rocha, J; Carlos, LD. 2016. "Nanoplatforms for Plasmon-Induced Heating and Thermometry". ChemNanoMat 2 (6): 520-527. DOI:10.1002/cnma.201600061


16          Brites, CDS; Millán, A; Carlos, LD. 2016. "Termómetros moleculares". Revista Espanhola de Física 30 (3).


17          Brites, Carlos. 2016. "Implementing luminescence thermometry at 1.3 µm using (GdNd)2O3 nanoparticles". Journal of Luminescence 180: 25-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2016.07.034


18          Rocha, J; Brites, CDS; Carlos, LD. 2016. "Lanthanide Organic Framework Luminescent Thermometers". Chemistry - A European Journal 22 (42): 14782-14795. DOI:10.1002/chem.201600860


19          Botas, AMP; Brites, CDS; Wu, J; Kortshagen, U; Pereira, RN; Carlos, LD; Ferreira, RAS. 2016. "A New Generation of Primary Luminescent Thermometers Based on Silicon Nanoparticles and Operating in Different Media". Particle and Particle Systems Characterization 33 (10): 740-748. DOI: 10.1002/ppsc.201600198


20          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Carlos, LD. 2016. "Tuning the sensitivity of Ln3+-based luminescent molecular thermometers through ligand design". Journal of Luminescence 169: 497-502. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2015.01.025


21          Ximendes, EC; Santos, WQ; Rocha, U; Kagola, UK; Sanz-Rodríguez, F; Fernández, N; Gouveia-Neto, ADS; Bravo, D; Domingo, AM; del Rosal, B Brites, CDS; Carlos, LD; Jaque, D; Jacinto, C. "Unveiling in Vivo Subcutaneous Thermal Dynamics by Infrared Luminescent Nanothermometers". Nano Letters 16 (3): 1695-1703. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04611


22          Ananias, D; Brites, CDS; Carlos, LD; Rocha, J. 2016. "Cryogenic Nanothermometer Based on the MIL-103(Tb,Eu) Metal-Organic Framework". European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry. DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201501195


23          Rodrigues, M; Piñol, R; Antorrena, G; Brites, CDS; Silva, NJO; Murillo, JL; Cases, R;.Díez, I; Palacio, F; Torras, N; Plaza, JA, PérezGarcía, L; Carlos, LD; Millán, A. 2015. "Implementing Thermometry on Silicon Surfaces Functionalized by Lanthanide-Doped Self-Assembled Polymer Monolayers". DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503889


24          Wang, Z; Ananias, D; Carné-Sánchez, A; Brites, CDS; Imaz, I; Maspoch, D; Rocha, J; Carlos, LD. 2015. "Lanthanide-Organic Framework Nanothermometers Prepared by Spray-Drying". Adv. Funct. Mater.: DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201500518


25          Piñol, R; Brites, CDS; Bustamante, R; Martínez, A; Silva, NJO; Murillo, JL; Cases, R; Carrey, J; Estepa, C; Sosa, C; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD; Millán, A. 2015. "Joining Time-Resolved Thermometry and Magnetic-Induced Heating in a Single Nanoparticle Unveils Intriguing Thermal Properties". ACS Nano 9 (3): 3134-3142. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b00059


26          Balabhadra, S; Debasu, ML; Brites, CDS; Nunes, LAO; Malta, OL; Rocha, J; Bettinelli, M; Carlos, LD. 2015. "Boosting the sensitivity of Nd3+-based luminescent nanothermometers". Nanoscale 7 (41): 17261-17267. DOI: 10.1039/c5nr05631d


27          Ren, M; Brites, CDS; Bao, SS; Ferreira, RAS; Zheng, LM; Carlos, LD. 2015. "A cryogenic luminescent ratiometric thermometer based on a lanthanide phosphonate dimer". Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3 (33): 8480-8484. DOI: 10.1039/c5tc01468a


28          Lima, PP; Paz, FAA; Brites, CDS; Quirino, WG; Legnani, C; Silva, MCE; Ferreira, RAS; Junior, SA; Malta, OL; Cremona, M; Carlos, LD. 2014. "White OLED based on a temperature sensitive Eu3+/Tb3+ b-diketonate complex". Organic Electronics 15 (3): 798-808. DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2014.01.009


29          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Silva, NJO; Millán, A; Amaral, VS; Palacio, F; Carlos, L.D. 2013. "Ratiometric highly sensitive luminescent nanothermometers working in the room temperature range. Applications to heat propagation in nanofluids". Nanoscale 5 (16): 7572-7580.DOI: 10.1039/c3nr02335d


30          Cadiau, A; Brites, CDS; Costa, PMFJ; Ferreira, RAS; Rocha, J; Carlos, LD. 2013. "Ratiometric nanothermometer based on an emissive Ln3+-organic framework". ACS Nano 7 (8): 7213-7218. DOI: 10.1021/nn402608w


31          Ferreira, RAS; Brites, CDS; Vicente, CMS; Lima, PP; Bastos, ARN; Marques, PG; Hiltunen, M; Carlos, LD; André, PS. 2013. "Photonic-on-a-chip: A thermal actuated Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a molecular thermometer based on a single di-ureasil organic-inorganic hybrid". Laser and Photonics Reviews 7 (6): 1027-1035.DOI:10.1002/lpor.201300080


32          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Silva, NJO; Millán, A; Amaral, VS; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD. 2013. "Organic–Inorganic Eu3+/Tb3+ co-doped hybrid films for temperature mapping in integrated circuits". Frontiers in Chemistry 1. DOI:10.3389/fchem.2013.00009


33          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Silva, NJO; Millán, A; Amaral, VS; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD. 2013. "Thermometry at the nanoscale using lanthanide-containing organic-inorganic hybrid materials". Journal of Luminescence 133: 230-232. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2011.12.050


34          Brites, CDS; Freitas, VT; Ferreira, RAS; Millán, A; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD. 2012. "Metal-free highly luminescent silica nanoparticles". Langmuir 28 (21): 8190-8196.DOI: 10.1021/la300288j


35          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Silva, NJO; Millán, A; Amaral, VS; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD. 2012. "Thermometry at the nanoscale". Nanoscale 4 (16): 4799-4829. DOI: 10.1039/c2nr30663~


36          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Silva, NJO; Millán, A; Amaral, VS; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD. 2011. "Lanthanide-based luminescent molecular thermometers". New Journal of Chemistry 35 (6): 1177-1183. DOI:10.1039/c0nj01010c


37          Brites, CDS; Lima, PP; Silva, NJO; Millán, A; Amaral, VS; Palacio, F; Carlos, LD. 2010. "A luminescent molecular thermometer for long-term absolute temperature measurements at the nanoscale". Advanced Materials 22 (40): 4499-4504. DOI:10.1002/adma.201001780


38          Nobre, SS; Brites, CDS; Ferreira, RAS; de Zea Bermudez, V; Carcel, C; Moreau, JJE; Rocha, J; Wong Chi Man, M; Carlos, LD. 2008. "Photoluminescence of Eu(III)-doped lamellar bridged silsesquioxanes self-templated through a hydrogen bonding array". Journal of Materials Chemistry 18 (35): 4172-4182. DOI: 10.1039/b807262k

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