Luís António Ferreira Martins Dias Carlos
  Vice Director  
  phone: 234 370 946  
  extension: 23 135  
  department: Physics  
  office: 13.3.12  
  group: 1 - inorganic functional nanomaterials and organic-inorganic hybrids
  line: 1 - information and communication technology
  direct url:  
  research group: phantom-g  
Scientific Interests

- Luminescence thermometry

- Light emission of organic-inorganic hybrids, silicates, nanocrystals and metal organic frameworks

- Self-assembly and emergence of complexity in organic/inorganic hybrids

- Applications of organic-inorganic hybrids in solid-state lighting and integrated optics

- Crystal-field, local coordination and energy transfer in lanthanide-based compounds

- Luminescent, magnetic and luminescent/magnetic nanoparticles as new probes for multimodal imaging

Short CV

Luís António Ferreira Martins Dias Carlos (born in Coimbra, Portugal, in 1964, researcher ID: B-2869-2009 and ORCID: 0000-0003-4747-6535) got his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Évora in 1995 working on photoluminescence of polymer electrolytes incorporating lanthanide salts. In 1996 he joined the Department of Physics at the University of Aveiro as Professor Auxiliar. Currently, he is Full Professor. Since 2009 he has been the vice-director of the Centre for Research in Ceramics and Composite Materials (CICECO) at Aveiro, Portugal.

He is member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences (Physics section) since 2011, of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (Chemistry section) since 2016, and was visiting professor of S. Paulo State University (UNESP), Araraquara, S.P. Brazil (1999, 2012 and 2013), and of University of Montpellier 2, France (2008). In 2016 received the Najing Tech Visiting Professorship, Nanjing Tech University, P.R. China and in 2004 the Prize for Scientific Excellence of the Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT). 

Luís Carlos has supervised 22 post-doctoral associates, 24 PhD (7 in cotutelle with Brazil, 5 with France and 2 with Spain), 12 M.Sc. and 8 undergraduate students; 6 post-doctoral associates, and 4 Ph.D. students on going. He is co-author of 4 (2 international) patents, 424 peer-review articles and 12 articles in books with ca. 15000 citations (h‐index 62, Web of Science). He appears in the ranking of the ISI Essential Science Indicators of the Web of Knowledge (last ten years) in MATERIALS SCIENCE and CHEMISTRY with 8 “Highly Cited Papers”. He is co-guest editor of 1 book, Thermometry at the Nanoscale - Techniques and Selected Applications, RSC Nanoscience & Nanotechnology No. 38, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 2016 (ISSN: 1757-7136) and 3 special journal issues, Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (2010) and Journal of Luminescence (2016 and 2017), and has invited speaker in ca. 80 plenary, keynote and invited lectures at conferences (48 seminars in a total over 600 communications). 

L. D. Carlos is the principal researcher of 2 European project (one FET-OPEN) and 15 projects financed by the Portuguese science foundation (Fundação para a Ciência e aTecnologia, FCT) and other national sources. He was on the evaluation board for Materials Science Projects of the Portuguese Science Foundation since 2005 and has been regular reviewer of projects for international research agencies from Spain (Ramón y Cajal e Juan de la Cierva programs, Materials Science, 2009, La Caixa Foundation, 2017 and 2018), France (ANR, 2009-2018), Austria (Austrian Science Fund, 2004), Brazil (CNPq, 2008, 2015), People's Republic of China (City University of Hong Kong, 2008, and State Natural Science Award, 2010), Japan (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2011), Canada (Council of Canadian Academies, 2011), USA (IUPAC, Inorganic Chemistry Division, 2010, U.S. Department of Energy/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, 2013), Poland (National Science Centre, 2013-2018), Italy (MIUR, Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research, 2013-2018) and Finland (Research Council for Natural Sciences and Engineering, Academy of Finland, 2013).

He is regular reviewer of leading journals in Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science (e.g., Phys. Rev. B, J. Phys. Chem., Angew. Chem., Chem. Comm., J. Am. Chem. Soc., Nature NanoTech., Nature Chem., Nature Comm., Nature Mater., Nature Catalysis, Nature Methods, Adv. Mater., Adv. Func. Mater., Chem. Mater. and J. Mater. Chem.) and is Editor of Physica B – Condensed Matter., Chief Editor of Frontiers in Chemistry, Associate Editor of Journal of Luminescence, and member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Coordination ChemistryJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, and Journal of Rare Earths. 

Research Group (phantom-g)

Luis Carlos created in 2000 in Aveiro, Portugal, the photonic hybrids and nanomaterials group, phantom-g (

The group was pioneer in luminescence thermometry and in the study of organic-inorganic light emitting hybrids (namely embedding lanthanide centers). In the last decade, the group has established an international network devoting to these luminescent hybrid materials with more than 40 research groups in Europe (Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Poland, UK, Nederland), China, Japan, Brazil, USA, Canada and Australia. Several Ph.D. students have performed joint thesis abroad, Spain (Instituto de Ciencias de Materiales de Aragón, Zaragoza), France (Institut Carles Gerhardt, Montpellier and Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée, Bordeaux) and Brazil (S. Paulo State University). Moreover, foreigner Ph.D. students from laboratories belonging to that cooperation network, from Poland, Brazil, Austria, China, Spain, UK, Italy, Germany, Ukraine, Croatia, Canada, and Argentina, have performed part of the Ph.D. work in Aveiro (medium term periods, 3-6 months).

The current scientific interests of the group include: luminescence nanothermometry; light emission of functional organic–inorganic hybrids, silicates and nanocrystals; applications of hybrid materials in green photonics (solid-state lighting, luminescent solar concentrators and integrated optics), self-assembly and emergence of complexity in organic/inorganic hybrids and luminescent/magnetic nanoparticles as new probes for multimodal imaging.

Teaching Activity

Physics and Technology of Polymers

Atomic and Molecular Physics


Structure of Matter

Main present projects

“Nanoparticles-Based 2D Thermal Bioimaging Technologies (NanoTBTech)”, H2020-FETOPEN-1-2016-2017, RIA, 801305, 01-09-2018/31-08-2021, 2.999.482,50 €. Partners: Universidade de Aveiro, Fundacion para la Investigacion Biomedica del Hospital Universitario Ramon Y Cajal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Institut Za Nuklearne Nauke Vinca, Instytut Niskich Temperatur I Badan Strukturalnych Im. Wlodzimierza Trzebiatowskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Universiteit Utrecht, Nanoimmunotech, Biospace Lab Sa.

“SusPhotoSolutions-Solucões Fotovoltaicas Sustentaveis”, Programas lntegrados de IC&DT, CENTR0-01-0145-FEDER-000005, Universidade de Aveiro, 01-04-2017/31-03-2020, 1.217.502,40 €

“High-Performance Plastic Fiber Luminescent Solar Concentrators For Flexible Waveguiding Photovoltaics”, 02/SAICT/2017 - SAICT, Programa Operacional Regional do Centro, 30186, 01-06-2018/31-05-2021, 222.353,33 €. Partners: Universidade de Aveiro, Intituto de Telecomunicações, Institute of Chemistry, São Paulo State University, UNESP, Araraquara-SP, Brasil

Main present collaborators

João Rocha, Universidade de Aveiro

Verónica de Zea Bermudez, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal

Angel Millan, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Beatriz Julián-Lopez, Universitat Jaume I de Castellón, Caslellón, Spain

Joaquín Fernández, Rolindes Balda, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bilbao, Spain

Luiz Liz-Marzán, biomaGUNE, San Sebastian, Spain

Daniel Jaque García, José García Solé, Fluorescence Imaging Group, UAM, Madrid, Spain

Michel Wong Chi Man, Jean-Louis Bantignies, Rozenn Le Parc, Joulia Larionova, Jérôme Long, Yannick Guari, Institut Charles Gerhardt, Montpellier, France

Marie-Helléne Deville, Université Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux, France

Marco Sangermano, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Lukas Novotny, Rene Reimann, Photonics Laboratory, ETH Zürich

Paola Fabbri, Università de Módena e Reggio Emília , Módena, Italy 

Rachel C. Evans, Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, UK

Liu Xiaogang, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Fiorenzo Vetrone, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre – Energie Matériaux Télécommunications, Canada

John Capobianco, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada

Melanie Pilkington, Department of Chemistry, Brock University, Canada

Marcus A Worsley, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , California, USA

Sidney Ribeiro, Edison Pecoraro, UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil

Oscar L. Malta, Ricardo Longo, Severino Alves Jr., UFPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

Eduardo D. Martínez, Carlos Rettori, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Hermi Brito, USP, São Paulo, Brazil

Kisla P. F. Siqueira, Anderson Dias, UFOP, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Carlos Jacinto, UFAL, Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil 

Luiz Nunes, USP, São Carlos, São Paulo Brazil

Marco Cremona, PUC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

John Bartlett, University of Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia

Xiaoji Xie, Ling Huang, Najing Tech University

Li-Min Zheng, Nanjing University

Runfeng Chen, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications

Guanying Chen, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Harbin Institute of Technology Harbin, Heilongjiang, China

Galo Soler-Illia, Comissión Natcional de Energia Atómica (CNEA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Selected Publications

Selected (10) scientific publications

(full record available in


  • C. D. S. Brites, M. Fuertes, P. Angelomé, E. Martínez, P. P. Lima, G. Soler-Illia, L. D. Carlos, “Tethering Luminescent Thermometry and Plasmonics: Light Manipulation to Assess Real-Time Thermal Flow in Nanoarchitectures”, Nano Lett. 17, 4746−4752 (2017)
  • C. D. S. Brites, X. Xie, M. L. Debasu, X. Qin, J. Rocha, X. Liu, L. D. Carlos, “Instantaneous Ballistic Velocity of Suspended Brownian Nanocrystals Measured by Upconversion Nanothermometry”, Nature Nanotechnol., 11, 851–856 (2016)
  • E. C. Ximendes, W. Q. Santos, U. Rocha, K. U. Kumar, F. Sanz-Rodriguez, N. Fernández, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, D. Bravo, A. Martín-. Domingo, B. Del Rosal, C. D. S. Brites, L. D. Carlos, D. Jaque, C. Jacinto, “Unveiling in Vivo Sub-Tissue Thermal Dynamics by Infrared Luminescent Nanothermometers”, Nano Lett. 16, 1695–1703 (2016)
  • S. F. H. Correia, P. P. Lima, E. Pecoraro, S. J. L. Ribeiro, P. S. André, R. A. S. Ferreira, L. D. Carlos, "Scale-Up the Collection Area of Luminescent Solar Concentrators Towards Meter-Length Flexible Waveguiding Photovoltaics", Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl., 24 1178-1193 (2016)
  • R. Piñol, C. Brites, R. Bustamante, A. Martínez, N. J. O. Silva, J. L. Murillo, R. Cases, J. Carrey, C. Estepa, F. Palacio, L. D. Carlos, A. Millán, “Joining Time-Resolved Thermometry and Magnetic-Induced Heating in a Single Nanoparticle Unveils Intriguing Thermal Properties at the Nanoscale”, ACS Nano, 9, 3134–3142 (2015)
  • M. Bettinelli, L. D. Carlos, X. Liu, "Lanthanide-doped Upconversion Nanoparticles", Phys. Today, 68, 38-44 (2015)
  • M. L. Debasu, D. Ananias, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzan, J. Rocha, L. D. Carlos, “All-In-One Optical Heater-Thermometer Nanoplatform Operative From 300 to 2000 K Based on Er3+ Emission and Blackbody Radiation”, Adv. Mater., 25, 4868–4874 (2013)
  • C. D. S. Brites, P. P. Lima, N. J. O. Silva, A. Millán, V. S. Amaral, F. Palacio, L. D. Carlos, “Thermometry at the Nanoscale”, Nanoscale, 4, 4799–4829 (2012)
  • C. D. S. Brites, P. P. Lima, N. J. O. Silva, A. Millán, V. S. Amaral, F. Palacio, L. D. Carlos, “A Luminescent Molecular Thermometer for Long-Term Absolute Temperature Measurements at the Nanoscale”, Adv. Mater., 22, 4499–4504 (2010)
  • L. D. Carlos, R. A. S. Ferreira, V. de Zea Bermudez, S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Lanthanide-Containing Light-Emitting Organic-Inorganic Hybrids: A Bet on the Future”, Adv. Mater., 21, 509–534 (2009)
  • L. D. Carlos, V. de Zea Bermudez, V. S. Amaral, S. C. Nunes, N. J. O. Silva, R. A. Sá Ferreira, J. Rocha, C. V. Santilli, D. Ostrovskii, “Nanoscopic Photoluminescence Memory as a Fingerprint of Complexity in Self-Assembled Alkylene/Siloxane Hybrids”, Adv. Mater. 19 341–348 (2007)
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