Sol-gel template synthesis of mesoporous carbon-doped TiO2 with photocatalytic activity under visible light


Mesoporous TiO2 powders with an anatase framework were synthesized through surfactant-assisted template method. The concentrated titania sol (7-8 wt.%) prepared from TiCl4 as a precursor was used in this synthesis. The soluble triblock copolymer Pluronic F127 was employed as a structure-directing agent and a carbon precursor to fabricate the carbon-doped mesoporous titania. The synthesized powders were characterized by XRD, HRTEM, Raman spectroscopy, UV-Vis reflectance spectroscopy, N2 adsorption/desorption and TG/DSC methods. The mesoporous titania annealed at 350°C was shown to have a high specific surface area up to 192 m2/g and a narrow pore size distribution. After annealing, carbon species in graphitic form were detected in the template-prepared TiO2 samples using Raman spectroscopy measurements. The photocatalytic performance of the samples was characterized in the process of Rhodamine B decomposition under visible light irradiation. The enhanced visible light photocatalytic efficiency of the template-prepared TiO2 powders as compared with that of Degussa P25 can be attributed to the associated effects of high specific surface area, pure anatase crystalline structure and carbon doping. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.


Ovodok, E; Maltanava, H; Poznyak, S; Ivanovskaya, M; Kudlash, A; Scharnagl, N; Tedim, J

our authors


We acknowledge funding from SMARCOAT project. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sk_odowska-Curie grant agreement No 645662. This work was also developed in the scope of the project CICECO – Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (Ref. FCT UID/CTM/50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when applicable co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. JT thanks FCT for the research grant IF/00347/2013.

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