An efficient method for determination of the degree of substitution of cellulose esters of long chain aliphatic acids


The determination of the degree of substitution (DS) of fatty acid cellulose esters, representing a broad range of substituents (C-6, C-12, C-18 and C-22), was performed by alkaline hydrolysis of the ester groups and the quantification of fatty acids by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) as their trimethylsilyl derivatives. The method was optimized and compared with established techniques for the DS determination (elemental analysis and alkaline hydrolysis/titrimetry). The results demonstrated that alkaline hydrolysis/GC-MS is a rapid, reliable and powerful method for analysis of fatty acid cellulose esters, particularly when different acyl substituents are present.



subject category

Materials Science; Polymer Science


Freire, CSR; Silvestre, AJD; Neto, CP; Rocha, RMA

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