Evolution of photoluminescence across dimensionality in lanthanide silicates


The dehydratation process of layered lanthanide silicates K-3[LnSi(3)O(8)(OH)(2)], Ln = Y, Eu, Tb, and Er, and the structural characterization of the obtained small-pore framework K(3)LnSi(3)O(9), Ln = Y, Eu, Tb, and Er solids, named AV-23, have been reported. The structure of AV-23 has been solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods and further characterized by chemical analysis, thermogravimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and Si-29 MAS NMR. The photoluminescence (PL), radiance, and lifetime values of AV-23 have been studied and compared with those of AV-22. Both materials have a similar chemical makeup and structures sharing analogous building blocks, hence providing a unique opportunity for rationalizing the evolution of the PL properties of lanthanide silicates across dimensionality. Although Tb-AV-23 contains a single crystallographic Tb3+ site, PL spectroscopy indicates the presence of Ln(3+) centers in regular framework positions and in defect regions. PL evidence suggests that Eu-AV-23 contains a third type of Ln(3+) environment, namely, Eu3+ ions replacing K+ ions in the micropores. The radiance values of the Tb-AV-22 and Tb-AV-23 samples are of the same order of magnitude as those of standard Tb3+ green phosphors. For the samples K-3(Y1-aEraSi3O9), a = 0.005-1, efficient emission and larger I-4(13/2) lifetimes (ca. 7 ms) are detected for low Er3+ content, indicating that the Er3+-Er3+ interactions become significant as the Er3+ content increases.



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Kostova, MH; Ananias, D; Paz, FAA; Ferreira, A; Rocha, J; Carlos, LD

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