Frequency-dependent electromechanical response in ferroelectric materials measured via piezoresponse force microscopy


Local piezoelectric signal is measured via Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM) in PbZr0.3Ti0.7O3 films and PbZr1/3Nb2/3O3-0.045PbTiO(3) single crystals. It is observed that the amplitude of piezoelectric response is almost independent on frequency for vertical (out of plane) signal and strongly decreases with increasing frequency in the range 10-100 kHz for lateral (in-plane) response. Moreover, the in-plane piezoelectric contrast is reversed when the measurements are done at high enough frequency (phase shift exceeds 90degrees). As a result, the in-plane polarization direction can be misinterpreted if the driving frequency exceeds certain level. For the explanation of observed effect a simple model is proposed that takes into account a possible slip between the conductive PFM tip and moving piezoelectric surface. The implications of the observed frequency-dependent contrast for the domain imaging in ferroelectric materials are discussed.



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Materials Science; Physics


Bdikin, IK; Shvartsman, VV; Kim, SH; Herrero, JM; Kholkin, AL

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