Chiral peculiar properties of self-organization of diphenylalanine peptide nanotubes: modeling of structure and properties


The structure and properties of diphenylalanine peptide nanotubes based on phenylalanine were investigated by various molecular modeling methods. The main approaches were semi-empirical quantum-chemical methods (PM3 and AM1), and molecular mechanical ones. Both the model structures and the structures extracted from their experimental crystallographic databases obtained by X-ray methods were examined. A comparison of optimized model structures and structures obtained by naturally-occurring self-assembly showed their important differences depending on D-and L-chirality. In both the cases, the effect of chirality on the results of self-assembly of diphenylalanine peptide nanotubes was established: peptide nanotubes based on the D-diphenylalanine (D-FF) has high condensation energy E0 in transverse direction and forms thicker and shorter peptide nanotubes bundles, than that based on L-diphenylalanine (L-FF). A topological difference was established: model peptide nanotubes were optimized into structures consisting of rings, while naturally self-assembled peptide nanotubes consisted of helical coils. The latter were different for the original L-FF and D-FF. They formed helix structures in which the chirality sign changes as the level of the macromolecule hierarchy raises. Total energy of the optimal distances between two units are deeper for L-FF (–1.014 eV) then for D-FF (–0.607 eV) for ring models, while for helix coil are approximately the same and have for L-FF (–6.18 eV) and for D-FF (–6.22 eV) by PM3 method; for molecular mechanical methods energy changes are of the order of 2–3 eV for both the cases.


Bystrov V.S., Zelenovskiy P.S., Nuraeva A.S., Kopyl S., Zhulyabina O.A. Tverdislov V.A

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