Sustainable Extraction and Separation of Rhenium and Molybdenum from Model Copper Mining Effluents Using a Polymeric Aqueous Two-Phase System


A sustainable and flexible approach for the extraction and separation of rhenium and molybdate species based on a polymeric aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) is proposed in which the high metal content in concentrated copper effluents is directly used as the driver of phase demixing. The partition coefficient and selectivity of Re, Mo, and Cu are studied in the proposed polymer-CuSO4 center dot H2O ATPS as a function of additive concentration and polymer hydrophobicity. The electrolyte selection and concentration have a marked influence on the partition of Mo to the polymer phase, while increasing the hydrophobicity of the polymeric agent significantly improves the extraction of Mo. A selective precipitation based on the addition of quaternary ammonium salts directly to the polymer-rich phase is subsequently used for the quantitative recovery of Mo. A final polyoxometallate [N-2222](2)Mo6O19 hybrid complex is obtained with high purity. The resulting process achieves high separation yields, relies exclusively on cheap chemicals with low toxicity and could be a more sustainable alternative for the extraction of Re and Mo from copper mine effluents. By using sulfate salts as the salting-out agent, the main component of the ore leachate drives the separation thereby avoiding the use of additional complexing agents.




Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Engineering


Muruchi, L; Schaeffer, N; Passos, H; Mendonca, CMN; Coutinho, JAP; Jimenez, YP

nossos autores


The authors thank CONICYT-Chile for financing this research through FONDECYT Project N 11130012 and the Universidad de Antofagasta and CICITEM for the support. This work was part of BATRE-ARES project (ERA-MIN/0001/2015) funded by ADEME and FCT. This work was partly developed within the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (FCT ref. UID/CTM/50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when appropriate cofinanced by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement.

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