Recovery of Chlorophyll a Derivative from Spirulina maxima: Its Purification and Photosensitizing Potential
authors Martins, M; Albuquerque, CM; Pereira, CF; Coutinho, JAP; Neves, MGPMS; Pinto, DCGA; Faustino, MAF; Ventura, SPM
nationality International
journal ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING
author keywords Spirulina sp.; pigments; ionic liquids; extraction; separation; photodynamic therapy
keywords PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY; IONIC LIQUIDS; AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS; EXTRACTION; PHEOPHORBIDE; CAROTENOIDS; PLATENSIS; MEMBRANES; GROWTH; CO2
abstract Spirulina sp. is a cyanobacterium rich in essential amino acids and pigments such as chlorophyll a, xanthophylls, and phycocyanin. Besides many other applications, chlorophyll a and its derivatives are being studied as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy for cancer treatment. In this work, two methodologies of solid-liquid extraction were developed, and their performance compared; one using conventional organic solvents and the other using aqueous solutions of ionic liquids (ILs) and surfactants. It was found that an aqueous solution of an ammonium-based ionic liquid was able to increase the yield of extraction of chlorophyll a from Spirulina maxima in 25% compared with the conventional methodology using methanol. Besides, the proposed alternative methodology allows the separation of chlorophyll a from xanthophylls using a simple liquid-liquid extraction. The IL can be recovered by backextraction using ethyl acetate, while the chlorophyll derivative is shown to retain its ability to generate oxygen singlets, which is essential to its potential application as a photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy.
publisher AMER CHEMICAL SOC
issn 2168-0485
year published 2021
volume 9
issue 4
beginning page 1772
ending page 1780
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c07880
web of science category 9
subject category Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Engineering, Chemical
unique article identifier WOS:000617925200033
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  impact metrics
journal analysis (jcr 2019):
journal impact factor 7.632
5 year journal impact factor 7.741
category normalized journal impact factor percentile 90.792
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