Recycling of polyurethane by acidolysis: The effect of reaction conditions on the properties of the recovered polyol
authors Gama, N; Godinho, B; Marques, G; Silva, R; Barros-Timmons, A; Ferreira, A
nationality International
journal POLYMER
author keywords Recycled polyurethane; Acidolysis; Circular economy
abstract Recently, a method for the recycling polyurethane (PU), the acidolysis, was reported in which dicarboxylic acids (DA) were used as cleavage agents. Yet, the effect of reaction conditions on the properties of the recovered polyol (RP) was not discussed. Therefore, aiming at achieving in-depth knowledge of acidolysis, in this work, the effect of the recycling conditions on the properties of RP was statistically evaluated. Temperature and PU/DA ratio were found to be the predominant factors with influence of 62.4% and 31.5% on the hydroxyl number (OHnumber), respectively. In turn, the acid value (AV) proved to be dependent on several factors and their interactions. Yet, the major influence on AV, the combination of PU/DA ratio and temperature, has 39.7% of influence. Using linear regression to predict the properties of the RP, both the experimental and the predicted values presented high correlation. Afterwards, flexible polyurethane foams (PUF) were produced using up to 30% (w/w) of RP as partial substitute of virgin polyol. It was observed that all foams present similar density, although the presence of the RP enhances their stiffness, which was attributed to the higher content of aromatic moieties of RP. Therefore, the suitability of this recycling method and the subsequent use of the reaction products in the production of new foams was demonstrated. This is fully in line with the principles of circular economy.
issn 0032-3861
isbn 1873-2291
year published 2021
volume 219
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.polymer.2021.123561
web of science category 7
subject category Polymer Science
unique article identifier WOS:000630190000001