Fast coating of ultramicroelectrodes with boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond


The present work is focused on the deposition of thin boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond (B-NCD) films on electrochemically etched tungsten wires by the hot filament assisted CVD method. The goal is the manufacturing of robust inert ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) with a superior performance to be used for localised electrochemical analysis. The conductive diamond films can confer high stability of chemical and physical properties as well as low background current. Filament and substrate temperatures were kept constant at 2350 C and 670 C. respectively. The total system pressure was equal to 50 mbar and the CH(4)/H(2) gas flow ratio was 0.07. Boron was used as the doping agent by solving B203 in ethanol, with a B/C content of 15000 ppm, and the solution was then dragged with argon gas flowing through a bubbler. The (Ar+B)/H(2) ratio values varied within the range of 0.06-0.21. The film growth rate decreases with the boron content increasing, but larger (Ar+B)/H2 ratios result in smoother surfaces. UMEs insulation was carried out with epoxy resin in a home built device. The production of very sharp tungsten tips fully coated with B-NCD after just 30 min, for a (Ar+B)/H2 ratio of 0.21, is one of the main outcomes of this work. The cyclic voltammetry showed a stable behavior with a wide electrochemical window of -2.25 V in a 0.05 M NaCl solution proving the applicability of the developed UME for localized electroanalytical studies in biomedical and corrosion applications. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.




Materials Science


Silva, EL; Neto, MA; Fernandes, AJS; Bastos, AC; Silva, RF; Zheludkevich, ML; Oliveira, FJ

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