Enhanced white light emission and energy transfer studies of Dy3+/Ce3+ co-doped YAl3(BO3)4 phosphors for white light emitting diodes


We reported the structure, photoluminescence and energy transfer studies of Dy3+/Ce3+ co-doped YAl3(BO3)4 (YAB) phosphors prepared by solid-state reaction method at 1200°C/3h. Upon 273 nm UV excitation, the YAB:Ce3+ phosphor exhibits a sharp emission band with peak maximum at 380 nm related to the parity and spin allowed Ce3+:5d ? 4f transition. When excited with 352 nm, the broad emission band of Ce3+ contains two components at 390 and 417 nm due to the electric dipole transitions from 5d excited state to the two splitting ground 2F5/2,7/2 states, respectively. The incorporation of Ce3+ enhances the luminescence intensity of Dy3+ due to efficient energy transfer from Ce3+ to Dy3+. The emission spectra of Dy3+/Ce3+ co-doped phosphors under 273 nm excitation display the Dy3+:4F9/2 ? 6H15/2,13/2,11/2 and the Ce3+:5d ? 4f transitions. The emission colour can be tuned from blue-to-white as a function of Ce3+ concentration and/or excitation wavelength. Colour perception has been analyzed by evaluating the Commission International de I'Eclairagein (CIE) chromaticity coordinates. The YAB:Dy3+/Ce3+ phosphors can be significant for current generation UV excited white light emitting diodes. © 2013 VBRI press.


Luminescence; Optical properties; Phosphors; Solid state reaction; White light emission


Lokeswara Reddy G.V., Rama Moorthy L., Chengaiah T., Jamalaiah B.C.

nossos autores



Jamalaiah, B.C.; Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, India; email: bcjamal@hotmail.com

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