Increasing the efficiency of silicon and aluminum extraction from Volclay by a water iteration treatment for the synthesis of MCM-41 nanomaterials


This work aims to reduce the prices of a wide range of nanomaterials which are unreachable in the industry by using natural sources as silicon and aluminum precursors. In a previous work, silicon and aluminum have been extracted from Volclay after applying the alkaline fusion process at 550 degrees C and a water treatment of this fused clay by adopting a weight ratio (1:4, fusion mass:H2O) to synthesize Al-MCM-41 nanomaterials. In this study, the weight ratio of fusion mass:H2O was increased to 1:8 to synthesize a highly structurally ordered MCM-41 under the same reaction conditions. The Al-MCM-41 nanomaterials are investigated by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N-2 adsorption-desorption measurements and scanning electron microscopy (ESEM). As a result, the increase in the weight ratio fusion mass:H2O generates more silica and aluminum, which allows the formation of well-ordered MCM-41 nanomaterials with high pore volume (0.70 cm(3)/g), high surface area (1044 m(2)/g), and uniform mesoporous diameter (3.67 nm); as a consequence, the increase in the weight ratio fusion mass:H2O leads to an increase in the mass of Al-MCM-41 (9.3 g for 1:8 compared to 5 g for 1:4), whereas the yield of production of mesoporous materials increases to 86%. (C) 2014 Acadamie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.






Adjdir, M; Bendeddouche, CK; Benhaoua, H; Kaid, M; Karmaoui, M; Boudinar, M; Weidler, PG

nossos autores



The author (M.A) gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). The author (M. K) thanks Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (FCT) for Grant No. SFRH/BPD/74477/2010. Special thanks are addressed to Heinle Marita for ICP-OES analysis.

Partilhe este projeto

Publicações similares

Usamos cookies para atividades de marketing e para lhe oferecer uma melhor experiência de navegação. Ao clicar em “Aceitar Cookies” você concorda com nossa política de cookies. Leia sobre como usamos cookies clicando em "Política de Privacidade e Cookies".