Characteristics of distinct ash flows in a biomass thermal power plant with bubbling fluidised bed combustor


Characteristics of biomass used as fuel and distinct ash flows in a thermal power plant with BFBC (bubbling fluidised bed combustion) technology were studied. An integrated approach involving chemical composition, microscopy analysis, mineralogy, and thermal behaviour were used to characterize the ash. The ashes have a low unburned content, typically below 3 wt.% (dry basis), with higher values in ash from the electrostatic precipitator. The chemical element present in higher concentration in the several ash flows is Si (>20 wt.%, dry basis). The fly ash from the electrostatic precipitator are enriched in heavy metals when compared to other ash, and Zn is the heavy metal found in higher concentration (but <225 ppm wt., dry basis), followed by Cr, Pb, Cu and Ni in decreasing order of abundance. The distinct ash produce leaching solutions with pH values in range 11.9-12.8, and conductivity in the range 4.7-19.5 mS/cm, with higher values in ash from electrostatic precipitator. Ca is the element in higher concentration in the ash leachates, followed by K, Na and Cl. The concentration of heavy metals in the leachates is relatively low. The biomass quality influences the ash characteristics, and an appropriate management of biomass and ash is need to improve the performance of thermal power plants. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Thermodynamics; Energy & Fuels


Tarelho, LAC; Teixeira, ER; Silva, DFR; Modolo, RCE; Labrincha, JA; Rocha, F

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This work was financially supported by Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal, in the scope of the Competitiveness Factors Thematic Operational Programme (COMPETE) of the Community Support Framework III and by the European Community Fund FEDER, through projects with reference (Bias-to-soil) PTDC/AAC-AMB/098112/2008 - FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008487 and (BiomAshTech) PTDC/AAC-AMB/116568/2010 - FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-019346. It is acknowledged the PhD grants from FCT: Regina Modolo - SFRH/BD/75182/2010, and David Silva - SFRH/BD/71088/2010.

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