Multiple optical centers in Eu-implanted AlN nanowires for solid-state lighting applications


A detailed spectroscopic analysis of Eu3+ implanted and annealed AlN nanowires (NWs) grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy is presented by using micro-Raman, temperature-dependent steady-state photoluminescence, and time-resolved photoluminescence. Two different annealing temperatures (1000 degrees C and 1200 degrees C) were used. Such annealing conditions achieved a recovery of the original AlN crystalline structure as confirmed by Raman analysis. For both samples, the red Eu3+ intra-4f(6) luminescence was demonstrated, where the D-5(0) -> F-7(2) transition at 624 nm is the most intense. Two well-resolved Eu optically active centers were observed in the present AlN NWs and designated as Eu1 and Eu2, due to their similar spectral shape when compared to those observed in GaN layers [Bodiou et al., Opt. Mater. 28, 780 (2006); Roqan et al., Phys. Rev. B 81, 085209 (2010)]. Their behavior was found to depend on the annealing temperature. Photoluminescence studies reveal that at 14K, Eu2 is dominant for the lower annealing temperature, while Eu1 is dominant for the highest annealing temperature. Moreover, at room temperature, Eu1 center was found to be the dominant for both samples. Indeed, the luminescence intensity of the D-5(0) -> F-7(2) transition exhibits a lower thermal quenching for the samples annealed at the highest temperature (similar to 80% for the sample annealed at 1200 degrees C and similar to 50% for the sample annealed at 1000 degrees C) boosting their potential use as efficient red emitters. Published by AIP Publishing.






Cardoso, J; Ben Sedrine, N; Alves, A; Martins, MA; Belloeil, M; Daudin, B; Faye, DN; Alves, E; Lorenz, K; Neves, AJ; Correia, MR; Monteiro, T

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The authors acknowledge financial support from FEDER funds through the POR Lisboa, COMPETE 2020 Programme, and National Funds through FCT-Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology under the Project Nos. UID/CTM/50025/2013, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-028011, and LISBOA-01-0145-FEDER-029666 and the bilateral program Pessoa. The authors also acknowledge Ana Violeta Girao, from CICECO Laboratory, for her support with SEM measurements.

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