Interface-based reduced coercivity and leakage currents of BiFeO3 thin films: A comparative study


Obtaining high quality BiFeO3 thin-films by low-cost scalable chemical solution deposition (CSD) is still challenging and currently relevant. Here we provide a comprehensive set of experimental evidences on the role of metallic (Pt) and oxide (IrO2 and LaNiO3) electrode interfaces on the texture development and functional properties improvement of CSD-derived BiFeO3 films. All BiFeO3 films are composed of columnar grains, which lateral size is dependent on the bottom electrode/interface. Whereas no texture was observed for 320 nm thick films fabricated on (111) oriented Pt, films on oxide electrodes, particularly on non-textured LaNiO3, are highly (012) oriented. Moreover, 400 nm thick BiFeO3 films on LaNiO3 possess a large remanent polarization 50 mu C/cm(2), a small coercive field 150 kV/cm and a low leakage current density similar to 4 x 10(-6) A/cm(2) at room temperature. In contrast, BiFeO3 films on the other electrodes reveal polarization hysteresis with high leakage current that increases with film thickness decrease. We demonstrate that LaNiO3 interfaces enhance crystallinity and orientation of BiFeO3 thin-films reflected in optimization of their functional properties. We advocate that besides the need of monophasic films, oxide electrodes and their interfaces have a relevant role on the development of high-quality BiFeO3 thin-films fabricated by CSD and derived devices. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.




Materials Science


Tomczyk, M; Mahajan, A; Tkach, A; Vilarinho, PM

nossos autores


This work was developed within the scope of the project CICECO-Aveiro Institute of Materials, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007679 (FCT Ref. UID/CTM/50011/2013), financed by national funds through the FCT/MEC and when appropriate co-financed by FEDER under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement. Monika Tomczyk and Alexander Tkach acknowledge FCT for financial support (SFRH/BD/81123/2011 and IF/00602/2013).

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