Atmosphere-Assisted FLASH Sintering of Nanometric Potassium Sodium Niobate


The request for extremely low-temperature and short-time sintering techniques has guided the development of alternative ceramic processing. Atmosphere-assisted FLASH sintering (AAFS) combines the direct use of electric power to packed powders with the engineering of operating atmosphere to allow low-temperature conduction. The AAFS of nanometric Potassium Sodium Niobate, K0.5Na0.5NbO3, a lead-free piezoelectric, is of great interest to electronics technology to produce efficient, low-thermal-budget sensors, actuators and piezo harvesters, among others. Not previously studied, the role of different atmospheres for the decrease in FLASH temperature (T-F) of KNN is presented in this work. Additionally, the effect of the humidity presence on the operating atmosphere and the role of the compact morphology undergoing FLASH are investigated. While the low partial pressure of oxygen (reducing atmospheres) allows the decrease of T-F, limited densification is observed. It is shown that AAFS is responsible for a dramatic decrease in the operating temperature (T < 320 degrees C), while water is essential to allow appreciable densification. In addition, the particles/pores morphology on the green compact impacts the uniformity of AAFS densification.




Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science; Physics


Serrazina, R; Pereira, L; Vilarinho, PM; Senos, AM

nossos autores


This research was funded by national funds through the FCT/MECTES (PIDDAC). This work was also financed by Portugal 2020 through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), in the frame of Operational Competitiveness and Internationalization Programme (POCI), in the scope of the project FLASH sintering of lead-free functional oxides towards sustainable processing of materials for energy and related applications -FLASH, POCI-01-0247-FEDER-029078.

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