LSPR-Based Aptasensor for Rapid Urinary Detection of NT-proBNP


N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a myocardial stress biomarker that can be found in serum or plasma, saliva, and urine in the context of cardiovascular disease. In this study, we developed a rapid (~25 min) and straightforward localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)-based assay for detecting NT-proBNP in urine. The assay employs citrate-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and an aptamer specific for NT-proBNP, which initially interacts with NT-proBNP. The remaining unbound aptamer then interacts with the AuNPs, and the addition of NaCl induces the aggregation of the unprotected AuNPs, resulting in a decrease in absorbance at the LSPR band (A521) and an increase in absorbance at 750 nm (A750). The concentration of NT-proBNP showed a linear correlation with the aggregation ratio (A521/A750), and the assay demonstrated a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.303 µg·L−1 and a detection range of 0.566–8 µg·L−1. However, the presence of sulfur-containing proteins in saliva and fetal bovine serum hindered the detection of NT-proBNP in these biofluids. Nevertheless, the assay successfully detected NT-proBNP in diluted urine with an LOD of 0.417 µg·L−1 and a detection range of 0.589–6 µg·L−1. The observed values in urine samples from preterm infants with cardiovascular disease fell within this range, indicating the potential clinical relevance of the assay. The recovery percentages ranged from 92.3 to 116.3%. Overall, our findings suggest that the LSPR-based assay for NT-proBNP detection in urine can be a valuable tool for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease.


M. António; R. Vitorino; A. L. Daniel-da-Silva

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