Crystalchemistry and oxide ion conductivity in the lanthanum oxygermanate apatite series


The La10-x(GeO4)(6)O3-1.5x (9.33 less than or equal to 10 - x less than or equal to 10) apatite series has been synthesized and single phases have been obtained in a narrow compositional range (9.52 less than or equal to 10 - x less than or equal to 9.75). The apatites' phases are hexagonal (space group (s.g.) P6(3)/m) for 9.52 less than or equal to 10 - x less than or equal to 9.60 and trichnic (s.g. P (1) over bar) for 9.66 less than or equal to 10 - x less than or equal to 9.75. The room-temperature crystal structures have been determined from joint Rietveld refinements of neutron and synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data. La-9.60(GeO4)(6)O-2.40 is hexagonal (a = 9.9374(1) Angstrom, c = 7.2835(1) Angstrom and V = 622.90(2) Angstrom(3)) and the Rietveld disagreement factors were low. La-9.75(GeO4)(6)O-2.62 is trichnic (a = 9.9368(4) Angstrom, b = 9.9220(3) Angstrom, c = 7.2925(2) Angstrom, alpha = 90.566(3)degrees, beta = 88.992(4)degrees, gamma = 120.3340degrees, and V = 620.460 Angstrom(3)) and the fits were satisfactory for such complex pseudohexagonal structure. This structure contains 72 variable positional parameters and 24 thermal factors. High-temperature neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data were also collected at 773 and 1173 K for hexagonal La-9.60(GeO4)(6)O-2.40. The electrical results suggest that the samples are bulk oxide ion conductors. The plots of the imaginary parts of the impedance, Z", and the electric modulus, M", vs log(frequency), possess maxima for both curves separated by less than a half decade in frequency with associated capacities of approximate to2 pF. The curvatures observed in the Arrhenius plots are not due to a phase transition. The conductivities are almost independent of the oxygen partial pressure under oxidizing conditions, which suggests pure oxide-ion conduction with negligible electronic contribution.




Chemistry; Materials Science


Leon-Reina, L; Martin-Sedeno, MC; Losilla, ER; Cabeza, A; Martinez-Lara, M; Bruque, S; Marques, FMB; Sheptyakov, DV; Aranda, MAG

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