Transition metal substituted polyoxotungstates for the oxygen delignification of kraft pulp
authors Gamelas, JAF; Gaspar, AR; Evtuguin, DV; Neto, CP
nationality International
journal APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
author keywords transition metal substituted polyoxometalates; oxygen bleaching; oxygen delignification; kraft pulp; catalysis
keywords 2 DIFFERENT HETEROATOMS; HEXENURONIC ACID; MOLECULAR-OXYGEN; 1 ATM; HETEROPOLYANIONS; OXIDATION; POLYOXOMETALATE; ACTIVATION; MANGANESE; CHEMISTRY
abstract A series of transition metal substituted polyoxotungstates (TMSP) were tested as catalysts for the oxygen delignification of eucalypt kraft pulp. These include Mn substituted polyoxotungstates of Keggin-type, alpha-[SiW((12-n))Mn-n(III) (H2O)(n)O(40-n)]((4+n)-) (n=1 (1) or n=2 (2)), sandwich-type alpha-B-[(PW9O34)(2)(Mn(4-n)MnnIII)-Mn-II(H2O)(2)]((10-n)-) (n = 1 (3) or n = 3 (4)), and the transition metal mono-substituted Keggin-type anions, such as alpha-[XWIIM(H2O)O-39](n-) (M = Co-III, X = Si (5) and X = B (6); M = Ru-IV, X = Si (7), and X=P (8)). All TMSP showed a catalytic activity. The experimental results revealed high selectivity of the residual lignin oxidation during oxygen delignification catalysed by 1-4, though the final kappa number of delignified pulps varied significantly. This was related to the removal of hexeneuronic acid residues at low pH diminishing the corresponding pulp kappa number counterpart. A comparison of the kappa number decrease and the delignification selectivity in conventional oxygen-alkaline bleaching process and in the TMSP-catalysed oxygen delignification showed significant advantages of the latter process. The best results, concerning both the delignification degree and the selectivity of delignification, were obtained with TMSP alpha-[SiW11MnIII.(H2O)O-39](5-) (1), alpha-B-[(PW9O34)(2)(MnMn3III)-Mn-II(H2O)(2)](7-)(4) and alpha-[SiW11CoIII(H2O)O-39](5-) (5). The application of catalysts 6-8 was limited by their structural instability under the delignification conditions. The practical aspects of the oxygen delignification catalysed by TMSP are discussed. 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
issn 0926-860X
year published 2005
volume 295
issue 2
beginning page 134
ending page 141
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.apcata.2005.07.047
web of science category Chemistry, Physical; Environmental Sciences
subject category Chemistry; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
unique article identifier WOS:000233280200005
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